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Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Mar. 21, 1988

2020.08.27 18:18 SaintRidley Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Mar. 21, 1988

March 21, 1988
Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words, continuing in the footsteps of daprice82. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
• PREVIOUS •
1987
FUTURE YEARS ARCHIVE:
The Complete Observer Rewind Archive by daprice82
1-4-1988 1-11-1988 1-18-1988 1-25-1988
2-1-1988 2-8-1988 2-15-1988 2-22-1988
2-29-1988 3-7-1988 3-14-1988 *
  • It’s a really slow week for news, so Dave spends a lot of real estate giving his predictions for Wrestlemania and Clash of the Champions. Wrestlemania is first, and he starts with the tournament. There are only three real contenders there: Hogan, DiBiase, and Savage. Everyone else isn’t good enough to carry the company or has loads of baggage the company doesn’t want coming back up. The recent tv taping’s third hour was meant for post-Wrestlemania, so guaranteed non-winners are Andre, Duggan, Reed, Muraco, and Bigelow. Steamboat and Rude probably make it through a round, but not to the final. WWF has foreshadowed things a bit, though. Changing the brackets seems designed to get Savage to the finals, which really necessitates a heel opposite him, which rules out Hogan. Since DiBiase could have won the title in the old bracket without facing Savage in the final (they would have met in the semifinals), changing the bracket to put Savage in the final seems suspect from a DiBiase-must-win scenario. Secondly, the latest issue of WWF magazine has a photo of Elizabeth shopping, captioned “Elizabeth, manager of the World Wrestling Federation Champion Randy ‘Macho Man’ Savage”). Red herring? Misprint? Clue? It’s hard to say. The magazine has been out for two weeks. Lastly, a reader swears they were at the taping and peeked behind the curtain and saw Savage carrying the title while doing a promo. Savage has Dave’s vote, as everything just adds up to it and has been since they changed the bracket. For the IC title match, Dave predicts the match will not only be terrible, but that Honkeytonk Man will no longer be the worst Intercontinental Champion ever. Beefer to win it, because somehow he’s managed to get more over than he has any right to be with this barber thing. The Islanders and Heenan vs. Koko B. Ware and the Bulldogs seems destined to go to the Bulldogs, in part because after Dynamite’s injury last year, somehow the company decided to use their time to get Matilda over and this is Matilda’s return. They’ve only got Heenan in so Matilda can chase him around the ring. For the tag titles, Dave predicts Demolition to win. WWF has booked a title change for the tag titles every Wrestlemania to include a tag title match so far, and curiously, Demolition seem to be getting over real well - the last show at the Cow Palace saw all the fans dutifully cheer every face and boo every heel during the announcement of the card with one exception: Demolition got cheered and Strike Force got booed. Dave really hopes Warrior vs. Hercules won’t be the template for pro wrestling in the 90s, as Dave’s only predictions are that this will be a worst match of the year candidate and that neither man will live to see the age of 50. He’s half right: Herc died at 47, but Warrior managed to make it all the way to 54. Lastly, Dave considers the battle royal, a bad concept that Bret Hart managed to single-handedly save and make work previously. There’s no stakes and no heat, it’s just a way to get everyone a payday. Dave’s predictions: babyface will probably win, George Steele won’t get in the ring, Roma and Powers will smile, JYD won’t do anything, Sam Houston takes the best bump going out if he doesn’t win, Harley Race takes the next best bump.
  • Over in Greensboro Coliseum, Crockett’s Clash of the Champions offers its own speculative fun. Flair vs. Sting will certainly go over 20 minutes with loads of near falls and all the usual stuff (Sting not selling the suplex, Flair getting plucked off the top rope). It’s a Ric Flair match, so it’s going to be exactly what you expect, which isn’t a bad thing really. But it does kind of take the excitement out of things. Flair’s gonna get destroyed, but he won’t lose the title and the finish will be one we’ve all seen before. Woo. Dusty and the Road Warriors vs. Ivan Koloff and the Powers of Pain in a barbed wire match seems to exist just for the sake of lots of blood, and barbed wire matches aren’t conducive to good wrestling. Dave figures Dusty wins to the disappointment of many while satiating fans’ blood thirst. For the NWA tag titles, Dave thinks Luger has improved enough to hold up his end of things and the other three are some of the best workers in the territory. Probably a DQ win for the Horsemen, but Luger and Windham winning the titles isn’t a negligible possibility either. On paper, it’s an easy 3.5 star+ match. For the U.S. Tag Titles, Midnight Express vs. the Fantastics looks like a title change. Cornette’s spent too long hyping the length of the Midnights’ title reign for it not to be, and you gotta put over the Fantastics now before fans have a chance to turn on them for being small and too much like the Rock & Roll Express. Rotundo vs. Garvin in an amateur rules match, Dave doesn’t have a prediction for the winner, but figures Rotundo will cheat somehow and Sullivan will do something dastardly, and a hot angle should spin out of it. Finally, Zbyszko vs. Shane Douglas will end, Dave guesses, in a time limit draw or some other kind of unclear finish. Shane’s gotten good, but with Magnum managing others for the Crockett Cup and the Dusty/Zbyszko feud going nowhere, it seems his push is being tweaked.
  • Wrestlemania 4 did finally sell out this past week for the live crowd. You can point out how last year’s show sold over 90,000 tickets to sell out and this show has only 13,500 sold tickets, but there are more things to consider. Last year, all of Michigan was blacked out for closed-circuit and PPV, meaning to see Wrestlemania you either had to leave the state or be in attendance. On the flip side, WWF has eight closed-circuit sites in New York City, eight more in New Jersey, one in Philadelphia, and PPV everywhere. So that’s a huge difference in accessibility, plus tickets this year were way more expensive. Last year’s average ticket price was $16.50, with a lot of $9 tickets for the cheap seats and $100 for the top price. The lowest price this year is $25, and the top price is $150. Overall, this year’s live gate will still be around $1 million, even with the smaller audience.
  • The Crockett Cup’s top ten seeds will be announced at Clash of the Champions. Dave has word about the top 10, and those are Arn & Tully, Dusty & Nikita, Road Warriors, Midnight Express, Powers of Pain, Luger and Windham, Fanatics, Mike otundo & Rick Steiner, Sting & Ron Garvin, and Ivan Koloff & Dick Murdoch. No big name outside teams look to be involved, since even if the Von Erichs and Inoki were to send teams over, they’d insist on them being seeded, if not outright making it to the finals. Crockett’s dropping hints about Puerto Rico and Japan, but there’s no indication other than that of any deals in the works. Steve Williams is returning, but don’t expect him to have a unification match with Ric Flair on night two - the scuttlebutt is that a face from one of the seeded teams will pull out of the tournament to challenge him.
  • WWF looks to be going with Andre vs. Duggan as their big angle following Wrestlemania. They shot the first thing for it on March 9 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, where Jim Duggan interrupted an Andre and DiBiase interview, only to get beat up and headbutted off stage before he tries to charge and is held back. This is set to air the day before Wrestlemania. The second part of the angle, set to air after Wrestlemania, has Duggan interfere in an Andre match until Andre chokes him and Duggan bleeds from the mouth until he can somehow get his 2x4 and knock Andre out. They bring out a stretcher for Andre but he wakes up and goes berserk, chasing Pat Patterson to backstage.
  • A bigger surprise from that taping, though, is Owen Hart. Apparently he worked the previous night in Bristol, Tennessee as well, but the big deal is he appeared using his real name. He jobbed in a squash in his first match of the show, then had a match in the third hour against Hercules where he got to do a lot of his really cool offense and the crowd was into it, and definitely seems like this match was taped for April 2. No idea if Hart is in for a try-out or what, though it makes little sense to Dave that they’d debut him as a jobber if this was a debut.
  • Outlet Communications, which owns both WATL in Atlanta and Pro Wrestling This Week, is for sale. They’re using it to fuel an angle on the show, announcing on this week’s episode that someone is attempting a hostile takeover.
  • AGB, the other national ratings source besides Neilsen, came out with their ratings for The Main Event. They listed it 35th for the week out of 72 shows, with a 15.1 rating and 23 share (Neilsen had them at 31st place). WWF winning the time slot for the night, which looked really clear going by Neilsen, is now disputed, as AGB had the CBS Beauty and the Beast that aired at the same time ahead of it at 32nd place for the week. This is a huge blow to WWF. Vince had been claiming that Andre vs. Hogan would put them right at the top for the week and be the highest rated show in prime time all season. And now he can’t even definitively claim top of the time slot, nevermind beating Dallas (which both groups had ranking in the top 20).
  • In syndicated ratings, the week ending February 14 saw the WWF network rank 4th place with an 11.1 combined rating. Crockett had a 7.9, falling to 7th place.
  • The Sammartino family is in the news this week. Last week, Bruno quit WWF to promote a 900 hotline amid many complaints about the state of wrestling and WWF specifically. Bruno’s contentions have to do with insulting the intelligence of the fansand not trying to maintain credibility, but obviously Vince thinks differently about how to promote. He was also upset David never got a push, and when he gave his notice two weeks back, Linda McMahon called the next day to tell him they had the name Bruno Sammartino trademarked so he couldn’t use it in any outside business ventures. Considering Bruno’s drawing power in the 60s is the reason many believe Vince Sr. survived as a promoter and WWF even exists today, obviously that should be upsetting. It may be debatable whether or not he’s the sole reason WWF even exists today, but it isn’t debatable that his popularity is the foundation WWF built off. And to make matters worse, David Sammartino was wrestling in New York on March 9 and apparently assaulted a fan who was heckling him. David reportedly went after the fan and threw him out of his chair. He was arrested and given a court date of April 4, and he lost all of his bookings as a result.
  • Saturday Night’s Main Event, filmed March 7, aired March 12. The five matches that aired were part of a massive 14 match card that drew a 10,000 fan sellout, though the crowd was heavily papered as only 2,000 tickets had sold by March 4. Local radio did a deal where anyone who could name two WWF wrestlers got two free tickets. The televised matches saw 1. Beefer pin Valentine by kicking out during a double pin situation while Honketonk taunted him from ringside. 2. Hogan pinning Harley Race. 3. DiBiase beat Savage by countout, with Virgil ejected quickly and Andre interfering after a ref bump to cause the countout, then Elizabeth ran back and got Hogan to save him. 4. Islanders beat Killer Bees with Haku pinning Blair, and what aired was just the first fall - the live crowd got a two of three falls match that the Islanders won 2-1. 5. One Man Gang squashed Ken Patera. The unaired main event saw Andre squash Bam Bam Bigelow in 3 minutes, which shows where Bam Bam’s future is. Duggan’s been getting more and more over again and is primed to take the spot Bam Bam was set up for as #3 babyface after Hogan and Savage.
Watch: Savage vs. DiBiase from Saturday Night's Main Event
  • The annual Cauliflower Alley Club banquet took place this past Saturday. The Cauliflower Alley Club is a group of “wrestlers, boxers, and Hollywood types” mainly from the early tv era, and their banquet is something of a class reunion type deal every year. Lots of names Dave’s read about but never seen, and special honors were given to Fred Blassie, Roddy Piper, Buddy Rogers, Moolah, and Clara Mortensen (who was a pioneer in women’s wrestling alongside Mildred Burke). Loads and loads of old names there: John Tolos, Doc & Mike Gallagher, Ox Anderson, Count Billy Varga, Billy Darnell, Paul Boesch, Kit Fox, Donna Christanello, Toru Tanaka, Red Bastien, Ray “Thunder” Sterne, Reggie Parks, Bob Orton Sr., George “Crybaby” Cannon, Vic Christy, Mike Mazurki, and more. Fred Blassie hammed it up the entire night, but Piper was subdued and seemed happy to be out of wrestling, and Dave believes that Piper believes he’s got no intention of wrestling again (though never say never, if his film career doesn’t pan out). Buddy Rogers still has his trademark strut and look of arrogance, and his old manager Bobby Davis was with him. Davis apparently wants to work as a manager in WWF.
  • [Memphis] Lawler and Eddie Gilbert collide in their first match of their feud on March 14. It all started when Jerry Jarrett made an appearance presenting Lance Russel with a plaque for winning best wrestling announcer for his fourth consecutive year as voted by the fans (fun fact - 1987 was Lance Russel’s fourth consecutive year winning the Observer award for best wrestling announcer) and Russel noted that the tv show also won the fan vote for best tv show. Anyway, Eddie Gilbert and Missy Hyatt came out and started arguing and Lawler did a phone interview at the same time where he said he was waiting for a doctor’s clearance to wrestle. The main event of the show this week saw Gilbert vs. Steve Keirn, and Gilbert kept arguing with Jarrett and then Tommy Gilbert got hold of Jarrett and Eddie threw a fireball at him, and Lawler said doctor’s orders or not he was going to get his hands on Eddie Gilbert.
  • The Samoans were supposed to win the tag titles in Memphis on March 7. But they quit the week before the match.
  • March 14 for Memphis will also feature a cage battle royal with a key on a pole. The only way to win is to get the key from the pole and use it to unlock the door and escape. Vinny Russo, is this your idea?
  • Not a lot new in World Class, except for the fact that Al Perez is set to go to the NWA. He was supposedly meant to regain the title from Kerry on March 25 in Dallas.
  • The Fabulous Lance, formerly Lance Von Erich, is rumored to be returning to World Class next month. Last Dave had heard of him, he was wrestling in South Africa. It’ll be interesting to see how this plays out, given Fritz tried to bury him and outright stated he wasn’t a real Von Erich after he left.
  • [Stampede] Scott McGhee has returned to Florida to recuperate from his stroke. He’s made good progress, reportedly, but still no indication he’ll ever be able to return to the ring. Indeed, McGhee’s career is over. He’ll do two more one-off matches in 1989 and 2010, but otherwise, he’s past his wrestling days here.
  • The 8-man match on February 27 was, according to Ross Hart, one of the best matches in the history of Stampede. Wayne and Owen Hart teamed with Brian Pillman and Jason the Terrible against Akam Singh, Steve DiSalvo, Gerry Morrow, and Makhan Singh in a match that went 47 minutes and came down to Owen getting pinned by Morrow in the end. Wayne was the first eliminated, and Dave doesn’t know it but this was the last match of Wayne Hart’s in-ring career. I tried to find a video, but I couldn’t find one.
  • Not much news on the AWA front, but they are bringing in a new manager and giving him a big push at their Vegas tapings on March 19. On the one hand, they could have chosen Paul E. Dangerously who is dynamic and great at getting heat with his mic work. But this is the AWA, so they’ll choose someone who has been out of the game for 15 years over a young, hot act. So welcome to the AWA Stan “Big K” Kowalski, whose last relevant work was managing Ivan Koloff and Shozo Kobayashi int the early 1970s.
  • Global hasn’t folded yet, and they recorded six weeks of tv on March 5. The interesting angle saw the evolution of the feud between Col. Kirchner & G.I. Joe Palardy vs. Dr. Red Roberts and V.C. Minh. Last taping, Minh came out with a photo of American soldiers in bodybags being carried home from Vietnam, which caused Kirchner and Palardy to freak out. Roberts, whose gimmick is based on his real life day job as a psychologist, diagnosed Kirchner as having “Patriophobia” and invoked the Baker Act to get Kirchner involuntarily committed to an institution for evaluation. Given Kirchner’s promos, Dave notes that this is entirely consistent with his character, at least. Anyway, shenanigans and such, and the heels win a squash so bad they send out medics, and the medics turn out to be Kirchner and Palardy, who attack and beat up Roberts so badly he declares he’s retiring from wrestling to use his skills in his field to help young men work through drug abuse. Dr. Roberts’ real name is Dr. Michael Brannon, and he’d find himself embroiled in the world of wrestling again in 2001 when the Lionel Tate case happened, providing testimony as an expert against Tate, arguing Tate knew wrestling was fake all along. Who knew that this would tie in so neatly with one of the stories from a recent 2002 rewind?
  • About the only news out of Japan is that All Japan’s March 9 card drew a near sellout for Tenryu vs. Stan Hansen. Tenryu pinned Hansen, Hansen’s third pinfall loss in Japan in seven years, to win the PWF Title, making him a triple champion alongside his United National and PWF Tag Titles.
  • The New York State Athletic Commission showed their double standard against independent groups earlier this month. They wrote a memo to Northeast Championship Wrestling citing Misty Blue’s attire as “too short.” Meanwhile, Vince gets to fly in the face of any and all Athletic Commission rules in the state. Granted, some of the rules are beyond asinine (it’s still illegal for a wrestling promoter to have a financial interest in a wrestler), but come on. It’s ring attire.
  • The Von Erich story in Penthouse looks pretty set for the July issue now. Nope.
  • Queen Kong/Mount Fiji from GLOW and POWW is setting up her own tv show called Rasslin Revival. You didn’t hear it from Dave, because he didn’t write it in the issue, but Queen Kong apparently also invented the phone sex line.
Read: The Woman Who Invented Phone Sex and Wrestled Bears
  • Barry Orton was convicted in his vehicular manslaughter trial. His sentence is six years, but he could be out in under two with good behavior. The conviction comes right as he was starting to do some of the best work of his career, but you know, someone’s dead so that should probably be the key takeaway.
  • A sportscaster who has worked with both Kirk Gibson of the L.A. Dodgers and Hulk Hogan called in to give his opinion on the comparison that was made forever ago and which still comes up in some of the letters. Anyway, the guy says Gibson is an asshole 99% of the time and Hogan is often quite nice and is easily 10 times more popular than Gibson on top of being friendlier in public. Good thing those numbers look reasonable, or I’d suspect the sportscaster’s name was Bulk Bogan.
  • A lot of Crockett contracts are set to expire in May, so expect WWF to make a play for several of them to retaliate for Clash of the Champions.
  • Almost everyone who called Dave this week had something to say about Jim Cornette’s comments on TBS this past Saturday. How the hell did he slip “beating meat” past Standards and Practices?
  • Ted Turner is starting a new tv network in October with a focus on sports and MGM movies, and Crockett may wind up switched to that new network. It’s going to be called TNT. Oh yeah, that network will definitely have wrestling on it in the future.
  • Something Dave does now and again that I usually skip over here is give rankings for who he feels are the top wrestlers. This week he ranks his top 25 men’s tag teams and top 40 men’s singles guys. Owen Hart is #1 for singles guys. Ric Flair has fallen all the way down to #3.
  • Fabulous Lance may not be coming into World Class afterall. Apparently his booker didn’t want him as anything but a babyface, while Fritz wanted him to partner with the Freebirds.
  • The Owen vs. Hercules match was apparently not supposed to be taped, so who knows if it’ll air. It definitely did wind up taped, so that’s all up in the air. It in fact did not air.
  • All charges against David Sammartino have been dropped in the case of the incident with the fan. It made a lot of press nationally for such a small thing, and it did result in David getting fired while other WWF guys have skated by with worse incidents. Apparently the fan was heckling David by using insider terms, which I guess absolves David from any responsibility for putting hands on the guy?
  • A reader writes in that as much as Dave complains about bad taste, he’s put out some really tasteless stuff himself. Namely, putting the info to help Al Blake (Vladmir Petrov) pay his legal expenses given his conviction for drug smuggling, and the writer would probably have let it slide if not for it being the Observer and how many readers “seem to live and die by the gospel according to Dave Meltzer.” The other instance he cites is admittedly less severe, but using one of his trademark denigrating nicknames (“Doggie” in this case) to refer to Maurice “Mad Dog” Vachon regarding the hit and run that cost him his leg strikes the writer as blatant and callous disregard for Vachon’s dignity after what he went through. He also throws a plea to Dave to cover GLOW and POWW, “keeping in mind I’m wasting my time.” Or at least, let the readers vote on it. It’d be a better use of space than covering Central States (and if you’re wondering why you rarely see anything about Central States in the rewinds, it’s because nothing and no one of consequence is there).
NEXT WEEK: Interest in Wrestlemania down, Billy Jack Haynes vs. Don Owen promotional war, Dump retirement ratings hit, syndicated ratings rankings, and more
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https://preview.redd.it/wr43nsa5jdd51.jpg?width=192&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=80a9bbb9487fcc3a5f548ec183e321677564dcd8
submitted by elvis27JJul to u/elvis27JJul [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 16:40 NewAgeHydreigons Wanna complete USUM? ULTIMATE To-Do List of USUM!!

There is much more to do in the sequels of Sun and Moon then most people think. Loads of easter eggs to discover mini quests to play and stuff to complete!

Reminders while playing Storyline

I made a list of everything you can do after you have defeated the elite four and became Champion (you can do some of the things before the Elite four). If you read this before you defeated the champ of Alola you can make it yourself easier to complete the big list if you do the following things along playing the storyline:

Passport Stamps

If you don't wanna go though the big list and just wanna have all the Passport Stamps you can do the following to complete them all:
Official Pokemon Trainer You took the first step as a Pokemon Trainer!
Melemele Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 35 will obey your every command.
Akala Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 50 will obey your every command.
Ula'ula Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 65 will obey your every command.
Poni Trial Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon up to Lv. 80 will obey your every command.
Island Challenge Completion With this stamp, all Pokemon will obey your every command.
Melemele Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Melemele Island!
Akala Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Akala Island!
Ula'ula Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Ula'ula Island!
Poni Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon on Poni Island!
Alola Pokédex Completion You registered all Pokemon in the Alola region!
50 Consecutive Single Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Single Battles at the Battle Tree.
50 Consecutive Double Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Double Battles at the Battle Tree.
50 Consecutive Multi Battle Wins You achieved 50 consecutive wins in Multi Battles at the Battle Tree.
Poke Finder Pro You obtained the final version of the Poke Finder!

The Big List:

This list is gonna be long so I have split them up in the following categories: Post-Game, Dex Master, Collector, Battle Champ, Quests, Easter Eggs & Fun Sights, Shiny Fanatic and Pokemon Extremist. (Bewear that some objectives fit in multiple categories)

If you miss anything in this list please comment and I will add it to the list.
If you have any questions about any objective, ask away!

Post-Game:
Dex Master:
Collector:
Battle Champ:
Quests:
Easter Eggs & Fun Sights:
Shiny Fanatic:
Pokemon Extremist:

Again...
If you miss anything in this list please comment and I will add it to the list.
If you have any questions about any objective, ask away!
submitted by NewAgeHydreigons to pokemon [link] [comments]


2019.12.12 18:47 SaintRidley Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ June 1, 1987

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words, continuing in the footsteps of daprice82. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
FUTURE YEARS ARCHIVE:
The Complete Observer Rewind Archive by daprice82
1-5-1987 1-12-1987 1-18-1987 2-2-1987
2-9-1987 2-16-1987 2-23-1987 3-2-1987
3-9-1987 3-16-1987 3-23-1987 4-6-1987
4-13-1987 4-20-1987 4-27-1987 5-4-1987
5-11-1987 5-18-1987 5-25-1987 -
Rewinder Note: Sorry about the lateness today. I had a student schedule a meeting today for posting time, so I didn't have time to prepare the post or get it up when I usually do. I'm also just not doing great right now, but I'll make it through that.
  • ”For a guy who hasn’t wrestled since February, Riki Choshu sure has made a lot of news.” New Japan’s been advertising Choshu and his guys for the IWGP tournament for a while now, but they didn’t account for the legal issues that would come with trying to take a guy who is still under contract with a rival promotion and tv network. Giant Baba had initially come up with a deal where Choshu and his guys plus Tatsumi Fujinami would work All Japan shows for a percentage of the gate until they’d worked off the $715k Baba wanted in settlement. But that’s changed for a number of reasons. New Japan’s home tv station aired Choshu’s wedding (drawing double the usual rating for a New Japan show). On May 9, New Japan and All Japan agreed that Choshu and his guys would not wrestle in New Japan until all the issues were settled. Masa Saito, however, was given leave to work in the IWGP series.
  • As for the IWGP series itself, New Japan came up with workarounds to All Japan’s condition that Choshu not appear in a New Japan ring. On the first night they brought Scott Hall in as a replacement in the tag match teaming with Masa Saito against Fujinami and George Takano. Choshu met Giant Baba the next day, but no deal was worked out, so New Japan put Saito in Choshu’s place on the May 13-14 shows, changing from Choshu vs. Fujinami then Inoki to Saito vs. Fujinami both nights, with Choshu seated at ringside (and not in the ring). Saito and Fujinami brawled outside, leading to Choshu hitting Fujinami with a lariat and challenging Fujinami. But New Japan didn’t put the match on even though they had Fujinami accept the challenge. So the next night, Saito knocked out the referee and put Fujinami in a tree of woe, and Choshu ran into the ring and started attacking Fujinami until Inoki made the save. And this is where Giant Baba felt that New Japan had gone back on their word, so it looks like Japan is ready for war. Between injuries and other stuff (Keiji Muto is filming a movie, Fujinami being written off from Choshu’s attack), this year’s IWGP tour is kind of a disaster. But we are looking at a Choshu vs. Inoki grudge match that might be soon, so there is that. That is, if Baba doesn’t have it stopped via legal injunction.
  • Roddy Piper, who “retired” at Wrestlemania 3, showed up to do color commentary for Portland’s show on May 16. He said he’d be back on the 23rd, but Dave has no word yet on if he did. He also did a talk show interview saying he didn’t retire from wrestling, but quit WWF because they wanted to portray him as Hogan’s friend so he wouldn’t get more title shots. There’s been rumor that he might buy into the Portland promotion, as well as talk of him being involved in this west coast thing (the one that won’t get off the ground).
  • The Global Wrestling Alliance is the first wrestling promotion to be syndicated and have a public stock option. They went public at 10 cents a share, then wound up opening at 30 cents a share. As of two weeks ago, they were 80 cents a share. And that’s where the good news ends. They did their first taping on May 10, intending to tape four hours of shows, but due to many problems only got two hours. Most of the big names they had advertised no-showed. They did manage to get Ivan Putski, Angelo Poffo, and Boris Malenko (who was supposed to wrestle but instead managed his sons Joe and Dean). And the Malenko boys broke the ring.
  • Dave ordered a new typewriter about a week ago, but it hasn’t arrived. He apologizes for the visual quality of the issues recently, especially last week’s which he said he didn’t even want to read it was so bad. I can verify that it was not good, because I’m looking at scans rather than digitized stuff.
  • Jerry Lawler is suing WWF and Harley Race over the “King” gimmick.
  • Update/correction on the WCCW/Continental Productions deal. Continental paid Fritz Von Erich $226k in syndication fees for 1986 and Fritz got all the old WCCW tapes. Fritz’s new show will also be broadcast on channel 39 in Dallas. No idea what’s happening with Continental’s syndication package, but they’ll probably switch to Ken Mantell’s show (which is now named Wide West Wrestling) and Bum Bright will start syndicating WCCW soon.
  • WWF’s latest Madison Square Garden show was unremarkable, except for it featured a match between the NWA World Women’s Champion and the WWF Women’s Champion. Debbie Combs, who won the NWA title in the Kansas City territory after Jim Crockett Promotions basically decided to abandon the NWA Women’s Championship, wrestled The Fabulous Moolah for Moolah’s WWF Women’s Championship. Moolah lost via countout. It was not a good match (-1 star from Dave), and Moolah and Combs (and Combs’s mother) have been political rivals for a long time. Combs worked hard and looked good in spots, but it’s Moolah.
Watch: NWA World Women's Champion Debbie Combs vs. WWF Women's Champion The Fabulous Moolah
  • Dingo Warrior turned down WWF’s offer to be a non-televised prelim guy. He’ll be back in WCCW by the time this issue is out. Also WCCW is dwindling significantly - they drew 50 for their May 14 show in Shreveport for a card meant to be headlined by Kevin Von Erich vs. Nord the Barbarian (both of whom no-showed due to Nord leaving and Kevin being injured). They’ve also canceled the annual July 4 Star Wars card.
  • **Badnews Allen is working in Stampede, which surprises Dave. Not because there’s a bad relationship there, but more because he’s wondering if anyone else has realized that Koko Ware is the only black babyface working in all of North America.
  • JCP/NWA have paired Tully Blanchard with Dark Journey. Dave supposes that putting a black valet with a white wrestler might outrage some people, but he seems to think it’s better than what they’ve been doing with Tully. He finds Tully very stale right now and Journey lacks personality, so maybe this can shake them both up a little.
Watch: Tully and Dark Journey in a promo
  • Rick Rude has missed his last two NWA dates. Dave thinks something might be up.
  • JCP/NWA showed Brad Armstrong and Tim Horner as UWF tag champs before the title change airs on tv. Dave questions the logic of doing that.
  • Another letter about the Jeff Blatnick/Lou Albano debate, this one with some additional context. The writer finds that Blatnick’s points against pro wrestling came down heavily on the side of how pro wrestling is immoral and harmfully deceiving American children. He also said that it hurt amateur wrestling (I’m reminded of the South Park episode now), before concluding that pro wrestlers were selling their souls out to make a buck. Could probably have had someone better to represent pro wrestling than Captain Lou, but it was pretty much a no-win situation and Lou just gave back what he was given. Blatnick won the debate, but the whole thing was stupid to begin with. Dave replies to the letter, calling it an excellent one, but I think the best part of it is this line ”Amateur wrestling is the toughest sport I’ve tried and pro wrestling is the most entertaining one I’ve watched.”
  • For those who want to argue about intergender wrestling and talk about realism and bring size differentials in men’s matches into question, I’m just going to give you this letter. Do with it what you will:
What is your opinion of wrestlers like Sam Houston and the Rock and Roll Express? I think they are good wrestlers, but they are having a negative effect on pro wrestling. The sport should have a bit of realism to it. Wrestlers like Houston remove all realism. The only way a guy like him could win is if the match was one-sided with Houston doing nothing but punches. Once a guy like the Animal or Rick Steiner got a hold of a guy like Houston or Ricky Morton, it would be all over. There should be a minimum requirement for size, or at least for muscularity.
  • Dave, for his part, responds and says he thinks small guys bring a lot of excitement. Small guys with only average ability probably shouldn’t be pushed, but if they’ve got the talent to get the crowd excited, they deserve the push. The problem is often the bigger guys who won’t sell for the little guys because they think it’ll make them look lesser. Also, realism is overrated in wrestling - it’s so stretched that pushing a guy like Ricky Morton has never bothered him, since Morton appeals so well to the crowd.
  • Yumi Ogura is now using a tombstone off the top rope as her finisher. That’s a broken neck waiting to happen (Akira Hokuto knows what’s up). In fact, Dave hasn’t seen it or heard about it yet, but it’s already happened.
  • Dave saw a Raja Lion exhibition match. Dave’s pretty sure he’s nowhere near 7’5” and pegs him at between 6’10” and 7’ tall, and probably under 260 lbs. He’s built like an NBA center, and moves well but is gangly and seems uncoordinated.
NEXT WEEK Duggan and Sheik arrested, Rockers and Rick Rude to WWF, Dave gets a new typewriter
submitted by SaintRidley to SquaredCircle [link] [comments]


2019.06.20 07:27 Japandroid_traveler Long trip report, advice, observations: 15 days in Tokyo & Kyoto area, family of 4

I enjoyed reading others' advice and reports when planning so here's ours. We are a group of four from the USA, two adults in our 30s and 40s and two teenage boys. This ended up quite long!

General thoughts

TRIP REPORT
Day 1: to Tokyo

Day: 2 Tokyo - Ikebekuro

Day 3: Tokyo - Shinjuku

Day 4: Tokyo suburbs

Day 5: Tokyo

Day 6: Yokohama day trip

Day 7: Tokyo - Akihabara and Ginza

Day 8: Tokyo Odaiba

Day 9: Kyoto Arishimaya

Day 10: Kyoto

Day 11: Nara day trip

Day 12: Kyoto: Kurama and Kibune

Day 13: Himeji day trip

Day 14 & 15: transitioning to home

General tips for fitting in

All in all it was a fantastic trip. I could write way more but that's the highlights. We learned we much prefer nature and peaceful places to crowds. Because of that I felt like we spent longer in Tokyo than we needed (maybe cut Yokohama). I would have added a day in Kyoto or done another day trip into the boonies. I hope this was helpful and feel free to ask questions!
submitted by Japandroid_traveler to JapanTravel [link] [comments]


2018.04.23 07:34 hiker2mtn Kin: The Reader's Digest Condensed Version

We all know that Kin is a unique digital currency, that it has value and utility, and that the Kin Ecosystem, currently in development, is going to be big--very big. But let’s look back for a moment. In order to see the scope of what’s happening, and where we’re going, it might be useful to look back, at where we’ve been.
Kin was started by the good folks at KIK Messenger. As Facebook and Google grew to gargantuan proportions, it became obvious to all that the old-school model of Advertisement Placement for monetization was becoming untenable for anyone other than the biggest and most entrenched of companies. Yes, the Facebooks and Googles of the world were doing fine with monetization via advertisements, and were busily scalping data from their users in a feeding frenzy to capitalize on the one asset they could sell… those users’ attention.
While most users thought Facebook was designed to give the social media platform as the product, and that they themselves were the customers, the reality is far different. The truth is that the advertisers were the actual customers, and Facebook users were the actual product. Very much like the Matrix, isn’t it? We are fed a social media mental “pudding,” and in return we give Facebook hours and hours of our attention… which it then sells to the advertisers.
Understandably, this realization came as a shock to those who were able to see and understand this revelation. Many users still do not grasp the reality of the situation, and are happily, mindlessly eating the pudding.
Leaving aside the distasteful mental image this business model give us, it created a problem for up-and-coming, and smaller but established Social Media companies. The smaller SM operations were left in a bit of a financial quandary… advertisers were loathe to spend on smaller platforms, because the reach of the giant platforms was so large and all inclusive. The remainder were basically crumbs on the floor.
From this basic problem… and the ensuing economic reality… came the idea for Kin.
Monetization is a concept that no one really enjoys talking about. For most of us, we’ve come to accept that ads are a necessary evil that we pay attention to in order to receive content; at this point most of us simply grit our teeth and press on. No, I’m never ever going to buy that silly spray to cover up the smell of your poo, but go ahead, play the damned video ad… again. I digress.
But what if there was a way to change the dynamic so that the SM platform user’s attention was no longer the product that got sold to monetize the operation? What if the user could sell his or her OWN attention, and be rewarded thusly? And what if there was a way to compensate developers and businesses who work in the ecosystem for this activity as well?
What if the user actually became a rewarded participant in the engine that generated income? And was even able to generate income for themselves in the process? What if a system was designed to reward users, developers and investors, all at the same time?
This is the basic premise of Kin.
THE GENESIS of KIN
In 2009, Kik Interactive was formed by a group of college students at the University of Waterloo, Canada, in order to create applications for mobile devices and smartphones. Soon thereafter, the Kik Messenger was launched. In it’s first fifteen days, Kik enrolled over one million users. Over the years, Kik has solidified itself as a strong niche player in the messaging app world. Initially, Kik monetized itself by placing advertisements, but realized over time that ad revenue might not be the best way to keep Kik in solvent.
After several years of struggle, Kik embarked on an experiment and instituted a program called “Kik Points.” This program allowed Kik users to participate in a very basic and limited “earn and spend” program. The users would answer surveys, or watch videos, in order to “earn” Kik Points… which they could then spend on in-app programs like sticker packs or emojis. What the Kik folks saw was a very enthusiastic, large group of people working to earn, and then spend Kik Points, in a transactional rate and density that dwarfs that of every cryptocurrency, including Bitcoin.
Kik then knew it was onto something. The team got to work, and after years of design, Kin was born. The Kin token was introduced into the crypto universe through an ICO (initial coin offering).
The Basics of Kin
Kin is the first cryptocurrency designed for mass-adoption and utility. It was engineered, specifically, to act as a currency to be used in millions of daily small and micro-transactions. In other words, it was a coin designed to be “spent” by the masses, not held by speculators.
Kin is designed to reward people for using the coin. The Kin Rewards Engine (KRE) pays Kin to users and developers who contribute to the ecosystem. This does “inflate” the circulating supply of the coin, which in turn keeps the value of the individual coins in check, but in reality this is a core design component of Kin. Kin is designed to grow in value, but is designed to grow more slowly because of the extreme volatility witnessed in the growth of other coins. This kind of volatility would destroy Kin’s ability to be used as a true currency. The KRE serves two purposes, then; to reward those who boost the ecosystem thought their efforts, and to moderate the extreme peaks and valleys that have plagued cryptocurrency since the invention of Bitcoin.
Bitcoin, for example, has morphed into a “store of wealth” rather than an actual usable currency. It is “deflationary” in nature; in other words, the scarcity of it is the sole driver of it’s value. The high cost of Bitcoin transactions, extreme value fluctuations and slow processing speed all hinder its use as a true currency. Additionally, why would someone spend Bitcoin when it may appreciate significantly in a short period of time? We all have heard the story about the two pizzas that were bought with 40,000 BTC… which would make those two pizzas worth over $300 million dollars today. And why would a merchant accept a currency that might lose a large percentage of it’s value very quickly? With a deflationary, speculative currency like Bitcoin, swings of plus or minus 30 to 50% within a few days are not uncommon.
Kin, on the other hand, is designed to be used and spent by millions of users. It’s value will also grow significantly, but that growth will be relatively stable, with few of the huge peaks and valleys we’ve all seen in other cryptocurrencies. This is directly due to the large initial supply of Kin tokens (756 billion) the large maximum supply (10 trillion) and the design of the KRE. Most people with any crypto experience see that 10 trillion figure (the maximum circulating supply of Kin) to be a huge detriment at first blush. This is because they haven’t grasped the need for that many tokens. Looking at it from the perspective of other crypto, 10T coins is a ludicrous, astronomical number of coins. And with any other coin, it would bake no sense.
But Kin is unique. It’s a true currency, not a store of wealth. It is designed to create value growth through usage, not through speculative buying, selling and holding. When Kin reaches mass adoption, the larger supply of coins will keep the price of the coin relatively stable while it grows in value, and will significantly reduce volatility.
Notice that I did not say that the large supply will reduce appreciation; it won’t. That’s because while Kin is designed to be an inexpensive coin, and should never experience the volatility of Bitcoin, that doesn’t mean it won’t gain and accumulate value. It most definitely will. There are no limits to that appreciation, and those who buy Kin now, while the price is well below 1/100ths of a cent, will see significant return on their investment. That opportunity, as significant as it is, is not going to last much longer, and will not be available again.
Kin is designed to go against the “normal” crypto path of pump and dump. It is not designed for arbitrage trading. Again, it is designed for utility, to be earned and spent, unlike most cryptocurrencies.
Kin is designed to be an inflationary coin, not a deflationary coin. In that, I mean that Kin, through the KRE, injects liquidity into the ecosystem and does not appreciate solely due to its scarcity. The KRE rewards those who have significant positive effect on the ecosystem by awarding Kin to those entities or people. If you develop an app that captures people’s imaginations and is wildly successful (think PokemonGo), and you’re using Kin to monetize that app, that effect on the Kin Ecosystem will be greatly rewarded with equivalent Kin. By injecting this liquidity into the ecosystem, the KRE rewards those who make the ecosystem work. This also tends to have an inflationary effect that slows the growth of the coin into a manageable upward trajectory, versus a hyperbolic, exponential increase.
Bitcoin, on the other hand, is deflationary… which means that no new BTC will be brought into the BTC system, and its value is based solely on that perceived scarcity. Since it has no mass adoption or real utility, and it’s value can rise and fall very quickly in large amounts. People buy Bitcoin for two reasons only today; speculation, and movement of fiat currencies into other cryptocurrencies. Speculation is the reason most people get into cryptocurrencies; with the advent of Kin, that will no longer be the case. Once Kin begins mass adoption, the majority of people in cryptocurrencies will be in Kin, and will be using, earning and spending Kin without buying the coin on an exchange. They will not be speculators, they will be users.
Speculation has been the name of the crypto game in the past, of course, but that is about to change. Speculation on crypto will become the minority use case, not the majority. Bitcoin will always have a place, obviously, but can you buy groceries with it? Can you pay your electric bill? Can you go out to eat using Bitcoin? No. Bitcoin will always be the first cryptocurrency, but it is not a mass-adoptable currency with any single, strong use case in its current form. Kin was designed with Bitcoin’s failings in mind.
The question comes up: Will Kin ever be a truly valuable coin, even with a ten trillion coin supply? The answer is an emphatic YES, it will. It will never be a short-term investment; there will be no 10x tomorrow, or 100x next week. But for the patient, the growth is coming. For the long term HODLer, the rewards will be significant indeed.
Let me explain why the Kin Foundation, in designing Kin, chose to make the circulating supply 10 trillion Kin tokens.
Why are there 10 Trillion Kin?
To be a true currency with mass adoption, used by millions of people, there needs to be a large amount of Kin available. Otherwise, in very short order, people would be using Kin in decimals. It was decided that people would rather earn and spend multiples of Kin (i.e., 1000 Kin or 500 Kin) versus decimals of Kin (i.e., 0.0001 Kin or 0.0005 Kin), as is now necessary with Bitcoin, Ethereum and many others. Note that Kin can also be used in decimal divisions, so that in the future, the value of Kin will never be limited by an inability to be used by the decimal.
In order to tamp down the extremely volatile nature of many cryptocurrencies, a larger circulating and available supply is necessary. A balance was found at 10T where the supply is large enough to meet the needs of the millions of users, but was small enough to not interfere with the growth of value in the coin. The Kin Rewards Engine (KRE) is key to this balance. By injecting Kin liquidity into the ecosystem, it rewards those who enable and grow the system, but it also minimizes volatility and keeps value growth down to a sustainable, non-hyperbolic/non-exponential growth curve. In this, it both creates opportunity and eases fears of volatility, for users, developers and merchants alike.
There are currently 756 billion Kin tokens in circulation; most of the remainder are held by the Kin Foundation for their own use, and for rewarding those who enable the ecosystem via the KRE. The KRE is schedule to begin operation in Q3 2018. As the value of Kin appreciates, the number of Kin injected via the KRE will change, though the total value will not. For this reason, the KRE stands to be in operation, injecting liquidity, rewarding innovation and ecosystem enhancement and controlling volatility for many, many years to come.
In the end, 10 trillion coins will not be enough to satisfy the long term needs and desires of the masses. If 50 million people are using Kin, this works out to only 200,000 Kin available per user. Most early adoptecapitalists in the ecosystem hold many, many more than that. This eventual scarcity will drive the value of Kin up significantly; I won’t prognosticate how high. There is, however, no limiting factor. I am very bullish at this prospect… because of the last item, number 5.
Metcalfe's Law shows the correlation between the usage of a telecommunications system, the size of it’s network, and its value. As the number of users grow, this law shows us that there is a direct correlation between the supply, the number of transactions per day, and the approximate value of that coin. This law follows closely the movement of Bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrency systems, and shows that Kin will benefit from mass adoption and millions of daily transactions from tens or hundreds of millions of users. Without a large supply, this would not be possible.
The design of Kin requires 10 Trillion coins to be available to execute the plan. And the plan is to allow users, developers and investors to all reap the benefits of a vibrant and growing ecosystem. When there are hundreds of millions of users in the ecosystem, the value of Kin will be greater than most people can imagine. It’s an exciting time, to be sure!
So we’ve looked at why the circulating supply is important, and why it’s different from other currencies. Let’s look at the center of why this works, the KRE.
The Kin Rewards Engine: How it will disrupt Social Media monetization
How often do you log onto YouTube, or Facebook, or any other Social Media site, and click on a video you’d like to see? Before the video starts, though, you are forced to watch an advertisement… maybe it’s something you want to know more about, but more often than not, it isn’t.
What if someone was reading your chat messages and saw you were talking about buying new running shoes, and there’s the ad for that, placed right in your face. Currently, the harvesting of your personal and private conversations is real and ongoing… putting that aside (and that’s a wholly different problem that Kin solves), someone is making money by scraping your personal data off of private communications and browsing histories, creating ads that target your interests, and then forcing you to watch those advertisements. A bot is reading your data, intuiting your thoughts, and someone profiting off of you.
George Orwell’s “1984” called this person “Big Brother.”
The KRE puts an end to this exploitative monetization model. The advertiser compensates you directly for viewing that advertisement, or answering that ad, or for playing that game. You can then spend your Kin on spend opportunities like branded Gift Cards from hundreds of big named merchants like Amazon, McDonalds, and Best Buy, or the user can take their Kin to an exchange and sell it for the fiat currency of their choice, US Dollars, Euros, GBP or Yen. You can use your Kin to buy music, to view curated content, or to tip a content provider. Paywalls for online journalism will become a thing of the past.
The KRE will reward the developer or person or company who placed the ad and contributed to the ecosystem. The user is allowed to contribute financially to content they value; instead of having their personal information sold to an advertiser. The user also can benefit financially for their own intellectual efforts and content creation.
Businesses and developers will be able to easily move their Kin to exchanges to trade for fiat currency; this enables them to pay bills and salaries, and reinvest in other parts of their business. This also creates liquidity for exchange trading, which is an important part of the Kin Ecosystem.
In this way, the KRE will rewards users, developers and investors who participate by adding value to the ecosystem. It will be an “open” ecosystem, allowing people to choose their use of Kin, whether it be purchases within apps, soft monetization via giftcards, or hard monetization via exchange trading for fiat currency. It may also become an option for game fans, hobby coders and enthusiasts to produce a living income via Kin.
Why are there two types of Kin?
Initially, Kin was designed to exist on a single blockchain infrastructure, the Ethereum Blockchain. Kin’s ICO was performed on the ETH Blockchain, and all Kin currently available to buy on exchanges are ERC20 tokens, built around Ethereum.
Last year, Ethereum experienced significant delays in transaction times because of a game that had been built on the platform, called “CryptoKitties.” This game became very popular very quickly with Crypto fans, and in their exuberance, their usage crashed the Ethereum platform.
The Kin Foundation realized that Ethereum, in its current form, was neither fast enough, nor robust enough to support the millions of users of Kin. Something had to be done.
The Foundation decided to seek another blockchain for Kin. Something faster, stronger, and secure enough for the millions of users of Kin to have near instantaneous, secure transactions, no matter what. A couple of solutions were found: The Stellar Lumens blockchain (XLM) was chosen because of it’s transaction speed, utility and robust nature, and the Orbs blockchain, which can stand as a replacement if there is a problem with Stellar down the road.
But what about exchanges? Kin on Ethereum can expect to be on many exchanges, and that access to liquidity that is essential to the success of the project. Kin on Lumens or on Orbs wouldn’t have widespread access to exchanges. This was a dilemma, The solution was to create the first ever two-blockchain cryptocurrency.
All Kin bought and sold on exchanges is on the Ethereum blockchain. Kin to be used in the KRE, the Kik app and the Kinit app, and in the remainder of the Kin Ecosystem, will be based on the Stellar Lumens blockchain. The two types of Kin will be functionally identical in value, and freely interchangeable between the two blockchains.
Basically, users will earn and spend Kin (XLM) in the Kin Ecosytem, due to Stellar’s robust design and fast transaction speed, but when they wish to move their Kin to an exchange, their Kin (XLM) will be exchanged for Kin (ETH) on a 1 for 1 basis prior to moving the Kin to the exchange of their choice for trading purposes.
In this way, the needs of all Kin users will be met. And should Stellar be someday unable to meet the demands of mass adoption, the Orbs Blockchain, and others, are available for later development. In any event, this dichotomy of Kin will be mostly transparent to the user, and will not impact the value or the utility of the currency.
The Kin Foundation has developed this dual-blockchain technology so that Kin can become the first mass-adopted, widely used cryptocurrency in the world.
So, how much will Kin be worth?
This is a big question. Many naysayers don’t believe Kin will appreciate significantly because of the large supply. This is based on their past experiences with Cryptos that don’t have utility and are simply speculative in nature. That’s not the case with Kin.
To be completely honest, no one knows how much appreciation Kin will experience, or when it will reach a certain value. Here’s what we do know:
Kin is positioned to be the first mass-adoption cryptocurrency in the world. Today, less than six million people worldwide own or use and cryptocurrency… this is an astonishingly low number. Kik, the messaging app behind Kin, has over 300 million registered users. Kin will be introduced first on the Kik app; Kik app users will have their first opportunities to earn and spend Kin before the end of 2018.
So basically, once Kin is introduced on the Kik app later this year, the number of people using cryptocurrency worldwide will multiply many times. In one day. Kik will introduce crypto to tens of millions of users by the end of the year.
As mentioned before, Metcalfe’s Law shows the relationship between a cryptocurrency value and the usage or transactions conducted by that coin, and the circulating supply. With current supply at 756 billion, and assuming transaction numbers in the 10 million per day range, Kin should be trading at around $0.01 per coin. Remember, however, that the KRE will be raising the circulating supply, and it may take some time to get to 10 million transactions per day. The value of Kin hinges on these numbers. In this, the beginning of the ecosystem, there is no foolproof way to estimate the value of Kin on any certain day.
That said, there is no limit to the value of the coin, over time. None. Not circulating supply, or market capitalization, or anything else. No limit. In a decade, after the ecosystem has matured and is operating solidly, Kin could be worth…. Well, you fill in your own numbers. I have my opinions, and they are not limited by the number of coins, the market cap or anything else designed into the coin. For me, it all hinges on mass adoption and usage.
Partnerships
Kin has inked a number of partnerships that are exciting and will stand the ecosystem well into the future. Two recently announced partnerships are UNITY and BLACKHAWK NETWORK.
UNITY
Unity is the ultimate game development platform. It brings together developers and technical assets in ways that allow the creation of some of the world’s most popular digital games. There were 5 billion downloads of games made with Unity in Q3 2016 alone. Today, games that were made with Unity exist on 2.5 billion unique mobile devices.
App and game developers will be able to insert Kin’s “5 minute SDK” (Software development kit) into the code of their app or game, and be monetizing their efforts with Kin in minutes. This “plug and play” approach makes the Kin Ecosystem and its rewards accessible to almost every developer, without the expense, time and research of developing a cryptocurrency. It truly is bringing cryptocurrency to the masses.
Simply plug the “5 minute SDK” into your code, launch/update it, and within minutes, you’re creating revenue. Your users will also have earn/spend opportunities, and your game/app usage will grow dramatically. No more sharing your revenue with the Apple App Store, or with Google Play Store. This is a huge increase in revenue for developers.
BLACKHAWK
Blackhawk Networks is the leading gift card supplier. Simply put, if you’ve ever used a gift card, it most probably came from Blackhawk Networks; that’s how deep their market goes. Over 250 different branded gift cards will be available for developers to choose from for their users to select, based on their personal knowledge of the demographic. Is your app a traffic or mapping app? Perhaps your users would appreciate being able to earn Kin to buy a Dunkin Donuts cash card. Because, coffee. Is your app a fitness app? Perhaps a Nike gift card is more appropriate. Is it a game geared towards younger users? There’s always McDonalds. A dating app? How about a card for flower delivery?
You can see that the options are endless. And don’t forget, the user AND the developer can choose to move their kin to other apps for other options, or to large cryptocurrency exchanges, where they can exchange their Kin for dollars, euros, etc.
In this way, the ecosystem is enhanced, the cycle begins again, and the KRE continues to reward.
Big Investors
One of the things that first got me excited about Kin was learning that Kik and Kin were heavily invested in by Tencent, the Chinese behemoth company behind WeChat. I travel extensively to China for my day job, and it was an incredible realization to see that most Chinese don’t carry paper currency anymore. Hundreds of millions of Chinese use WeChat every day to purchase everyday things like food, movies, clothing and the like. WeChat connects to the user’s bank account, and instantaneously debits the accounts when the user makes a purchase. Many retail outlets and vending machines in China no longer accept credit cards, and fiat purchases are dwindling in number.
Tencent’s interest in Kin is significant. Imagine Kik, using Kin, evolving into something similar… with hundreds of millions of people using Kin to conduct a significant amount of the economic transactions in their daily life! The adoption and utility numbers are mind boggling.
Additionally, there are a number of heavy hitters in the Crypto space investment community. Union Square Ventures (USV) is an investment fund that has bet heavily on Kik, and thereby, on Kin. Other investments from USV include CoinBase, Koko, DuckDuckGo, CodeAcademy, DuoLingo, Wattpad, SoundCloud, Foresquare, Kickstarter, Meetup, Etsy, Disqus, Tumblr, Twitter and Zynga. As you can see, Kin is extremely well positioned, and the monetization opportunity Kin represents for these companies is being explored.
Wrapping it all up in a big red bow…
The TL;DR version is this: Kin is poised to become the most used cryptocurrency in existence in 2018. As the KRE comes online, Kin is introduced to the Kik Community, the discrete Kin app (Kinit App) is released, the 5-minute SDK is finalized, more partnerships come online, more and major exchanges offer Kin trading, and word spreads, expect the value of Kin to begin growing significantly.
Kin currently sits near the bottom of the top 100 cryptocurrencies in terms of market capitalization, but the expectation is that Kin will rise towards the top of the top 100 in short order. As the value increases, so does market cap. Don’t make the mistake of thinking market capitalization limits the growth of Kin in any way; it will be the usage and mass adoption that will grow the value.
As the crypto market recovers from the last few months, look for Kin to accelerate its growth as more partnerships and exchanges are announced. Once the KRE begins operations, the value of Kin will grow more quickly. I do not expect Kin ever be worth less than it is right now.
The future for Kin is extremely bright. The Kin Foundation has much work left to do, but they are up to the task. Stay informed, and make sure your portfolio has Kin in it!
submitted by hiker2mtn to KinFoundation [link] [comments]


2018.03.30 00:46 lewcurio Budgeting Play 10: Investing in the Market

Hey guys, here with a text-based post this week. I’m writing up this one with the help of Pikaraptor. A while back ago, he sent me a message with an idea that I had not thought of previously. The message was this:
I've seen lots of people on Pkmntcg and Pkmntcgo saying buying singles is the cheapest way to buy cards for a deck, or buying a booster box is the best way to get good cards, but there are other options that are technically cheaper if you are willing to put in a bit of work either selling, looking for sales, or looking for lots on sites like eBay. For example, looking for sales. Barnes & Noble is currently selling the Zoroark GX promo box, which contains five packs, for $20. B&N often has codes to take an additional 10-20% off, too. It wouldn't be hard to sell those five packs for $20, and you get a Zoroark GX for free.
Of course, by the time I actually got around to posting this, the expiration date for said deal was long past. Nevertheless, the point still stands. There are plenty of deals out there that if you hold on long enough and are patient for, you can actually make a profit off of in terms of private selling! I know I was extra broke at the time, but around December I know Gamestop had that huge deal off of PTCG products. The best deal I spotted there was the Tapu Koko box, where the discount price was at roughly $5. Which was insane considering Koko promo often sells for $5 anyways.
Pikaraptor then explains how new players can often be driven away when trying to stock up on card bulk (certain text omitted to keep his anonymity):
…It's something that's bugged me for a while, and I think the misconception is hurting players, especially new ones. Since a majority of my cards are from eBay lots, I'd be more than happy to share more information about how to sell lots to maximize profits as well, as well as what to look for when buying lots.
Locally, more than half of the Pokemon players are new to the game [text omitted]. But I consistently beat them not because my decks are better; they're often not, and they're not meta either. I'm running [text omitted. Pikaraptor explains he is running a semi-popular budget deck] I just have a larger collection to pull from and playsets of nearly all the staple trainers for both me and my GF.
Their strategy to get cards has been to buy packs, Elite Trainer Boxes, and booster boxes, and rarely have they been rewarded with enough cards to build a good deck. One guy has probably bought $300 worth of packs and other products each month for the past three months, if not more, and he only started winning [time frame omitted]. Even then, rarely is it more than one. Another person sold all his bulk to buy GX cards, only to not have enough commons, uncommons, and trainers to build a deck. He's now trading those GXs for any psychic-type cards he can and is often making bad trades to do it. Yet another couple of people spent $400 on Ultra Prism booster boxes and didn't pull enough GXs to make the decks they wanted. Last week they ran [older meta decks than UP], despite UP being legal at the shop I play at. [Pikaraptor then explains several more examples of investments that could have been made better. I’ll stop including them due to what he said next -->] (BTW, if you decide to use some of these examples, change some of the details or refer to them generally so that I'm not identifiable)
These are the people who could benefit the most from card lots on eBay, especially if they keep what they want and sell the rest. They seem interested in playing many decks and having many options for decks, but have spent somewhere between 30 to 40 cents per card when I bought mine for closer to 10 cents a card or less from lots. I could also recoup quite a lot of money were I to sell what I've bought, and I could get back most, if not all of my money were I to sell everything. Plus, anything I end up trading is almost always extremely profitable to me.
What Pikaraptor says rings very true to me. I discussed with him that I used to be the exact same way when I purchased cards back when I first started the PTCG in 2013. I bought SO MANY ptcg products only to be extremely let down by my pull rates. I refused to buy the big cost meta cards I needed and insisted that I could pull them instead. It ended up bumming me out so much that I quit the game for four years. Here’s the kicker though, I returned to the game when I was honestly at my lowest poverty level.
I took lots of information from this sub (I had still been lurking for that whole four year hiatus) and noticed that playing budget could and would work if done correctly and if researched enough. I won’t get too off track, but I strongly urge you that if you’re on a tight budget you need to research the market a bit.
Draw sources of deals from Target, Walmart, Gamestop, TCGplayer, Troll&Toad (on the rare occasion where their prices are better, usually only on higher priced cards), Barnes&Noble, and your local game/card shop. I also would like to point out that it’s totally okay if you’re on a tighter budget to not buy from your local card shop if they don’t have the best deals for you. If you’re well off I strongly encourage supporting them. If you’re not, it’s totally okay to do you just so you can optimize the price you’re trying to receive.
There’s a lot of patience involved in searching and sifting through deals. Sometimes you actually have to predict sales in conjunction with upcoming holidays or potential overstock. I know it’s a long ways away from now, but I love to keep my eyes peeled for Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales. It makes it easier to think like a seller.
Any and all feedback is appreciated! Special S/O to Pikaraptor! Couldn’t have posted this without you!
submitted by lewcurio to pkmntcg [link] [comments]


2017.11.06 02:32 Picup LL! SS!! Merchandise (and Arcade) Goods Released in October and November

A quick view of (most) LL! SS!! Merchandise that will be (or is) released in October and November, including arcade goods with expected dates they'll be available! This is for those who are sucked in by the anime and want to buy merch right away, those who are looking for MyMai TONIGHT merch, and as always, those who want to throw their money at Aqours, etc.
HAPPY ONE YEAR ANNIVERSARY!!!
I started this venture one year ago (a few days back, November 2 or 3rd in 2016) as a small side project because I was always curious on what I can spend my money on... And then kept trekking on. I'm glad to have spent the year doing this and hope to continue doing so. I couldn't have gotten this far without everyone's support and kind words over the year, so thank you very much!
This monthly report features both October and November merchandise. I was extremely busy at the end of September until basically the beginning of November with the second live, visiting with all the livers who came to Japan, and work, so I couldn't finish it until... November...
Also, I have released a merchandise guide to help you understand how to purchase Love Live goods from Japan and hopefully to help your navigation easier! Please check it out here! Thank you Team ONIBE for hosting the guide!
As always, thank you for your support, here's to another year of merchandise! Please keep supporting LL! SS!! and I hope you continue to enjoy this thread!
DISCLAIMER: I was not endorsed or asked by any company to do this. Acrylic badges are the end of my life.
Sorted by release date, those with no known release date is at the bottom. CDs and BDs are in bold.
Merchandise
OCTOBER
NOVEMBER
Arcade Goods
OCTOBER
NOVEMBER
The reason I listed arcade goods is that some people look to buy them from a second hand shop like Rakuten, so the dates are there to show them when they might be able to expect them to show up online.
Useful Links (where to buy)
Please comment if you have a question or anything to add, I'll be updating this as much as I can! (Last edited notes will be seen at the top of the post)
Misc:
Sega LL! SS!! Season 2 Campaign (10/7 ~ 12/3)
The campaigns never stop! don't stop my dancing
With the airing of Season 2 this winter season, why not another Sega campaign. As always, you can win exclusive Sega prizes like tumblers, pillow keychains, and pouches with casual art in the first half and then MY Mai ☆ TONIGHT art on these prizes in the second half.
From 10/7 ~ 11/2 you can receive a folder of your choosing for putting 500 yen into an UFO Catcher. There is once again 11 this time around to choose from. Each folder will come with a point that you can redeem for items that will be sent to your home in Japan later on (posters, giant multicloth tapestry).
From 11/3 ~ 12/3 you can receive cleaning straps after gathing 2 1/2 coupons. As with previous campaigns, the straps are random but luckily split off into year groups. When you exchange your coupons for a strap, the staff will ask you what year you would like and then ask you to draw an envelope. If the colour scheme is the same as always it's as follows: Yellow = 1st, Red = 2nd, Green = 3rd.
Please remember that you must call the staff over before you put in 500 yen!
During this time they will be handing out post cards divided into year groups until they run out! From 10/7 ~ was the second years, 10/21 ~ was the third years, and 11/11 will be the first years!
Visit the official site for more details!
submitted by Picup to LoveLive [link] [comments]


2017.08.08 08:16 OreoCupcakes New Main & Expert Stages, New Raise Max Level & Skill Swapper Users, Daily Pokémon Are Here #3, Great Daily Pokémon #2, Dialga, Palkia, A New Pokémon Safari, Beedrill, Meloetta (Aria Forme) Escalation Battles, and Log-In Bonuses [Updates 8/8/17]

New Content

Stage Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Stage Turns HP Catch Rate Mega Bar Speedups Available
601 Kricketot Bug 30 Daunt 10 20410 7% Base catch + 5% per move
602 Bagon Dragon 50 Power of 4 8 6352 8% Base catch + 6% per move
603 Cryogonal Ice 70 Barrier Shot 15 24930 9% Base catch + 5% per move
604 Kricketune Bug 50 Calm Down 10 13230 8% Base catch + 4% per move
605 Croagunk Poison 50 Prank 9 8820 7% Base catch + 7% per move
606 Shelgon Dragon 60 Damage Streak 12 12800 6% Base catch + 4% per move
607 Basculin (Blue-Striped Form) Water 60 Hitting Streak+ 10 15435 12% Base catch + 7% per move
608 Snover Ice 60 Ability 8 35035 13% Base catch + 6% per move
609 Toxicroak Poison 60 Prank 12 8940 6% Base catch + 7% per move
610 Salamence Flying 80 Hitting Streak 8 15960 7% Base catch + 8% per move
611 Hippopotas Ground 50 Quake 12 14280 5% Base catch + 8% per move
612 Turtwig Grass 50 Leaf Combo 15 14490 5% Base catch + 7% per move
613 Abomasnow Ice 60 Heavy Hitter 10 15876 8% Base catch + 7% per move
614 Cherubi Grass 40 Quirky 8 13650 12% Base catch + 4% per move
615 Buneary Normal 40 Opportunist 18 13860 9% Base catch + 4% per move
616 Hippowdon Ground 60 Last-Ditch Effort 9 20900 7% Base catch + 7% per move
617 Cherrim Grass 60 Quirky+ 15 21735 10% Base catch + 3% per move
618 Grotle Grass 60 Shot Out 18 35280 9% Base catch + 3% per move
619 Lopunny Normal 50 Opportunist 7 8400 10% Base catch + 5% per move
620 Mega Abomasnow Ice 60 Erases all Pokémon five rows above and five rows below. 13 26880 100% chance to get the Abomasite 13 7
Stage Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Time (Seconds) HP Unlock Requirement Catch Rate
EX50 Dugtrio Ground 60 Block Shot 40 19110 620 S-Ranks 1% Base catch + 3% per three seconds
Date Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns/(Time Seconds) HP Catch Rate
08/08/2017 Kabutops Rock 60 Barrier Bash+ 2 Heart(s) (120) 25920 1% Base catch + 4% per three seconds left
08/09/2017 Pikachu (Happy) Electric 50 Power of 4+ 2 Heart(s) 14 3413 20% Base catch + 5% per move
08/10/2017 Cradily Rock 60 Eject+ 2 Heart(s) 8 4118 8% Base catch + 4% per move
08/11/2017 Armaldo Rock 60 Damage Streak 2 Heart(s) 15 10296 9% Base catch + 3% per move
08/12/2017 Groudon Ground 70 Quake 2 Heart(s) 20 11352 5% Base catch + 4% per move
08/13/2017 Kyogre Water 70 Rock Break 2 Heart(s) 18 8468 10% Base catch + 3% per move
08/14/2017 Carracosta Water 60 Paralysis Combo 2 Heart(s) 20 14763 15% Base catch + 4% per move
08/15/2017 Archeops Rock 70 Power of 4+ 2 Heart(s) (40) 9600 12% Base catch + 4% per three seconds left
08/16/2017 Drifblim Ghost 60 Cross Attack 2 Heart(s) (50) 15582 5% Base catch + 6% per three seconds left
08/17/2017 Dusknoir Ghost 70 Last-Ditch Effort 2 Heart(s) 20 11680 5% Base catch + 3% per move
08/18/2017 Thundurus (Therian Forme) Electric 70 Risk-Taker 2 Heart(s) (50) 16536 10% Base catch + 4% per three seconds left
08/19/2017 Tornadus (Therian Forme) Flying 70 Risk-Taker 2 Heart(s) (50) 16800 10% Base catch + 3% per three seconds left
08/20/2017 Landorus (Therian Forme) Ground 80 Risk-Taker 2 Heart(s) 19 16333 18% Base catch + 2% per move
08/21/2017 Tepig Fire 50 Rock Break 2 Heart(s) 18 3982 5% Base catch + 3% per move
Day Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Tuesday Girafarig Psychic 60 Swat 1 Heart(s) 7 2654 8% Base catch + 4% per move
Wednesday Kecleon Normal 60 Mind Zap 1 Heart(s) 20 3675 7% Base catch + 2% per move
Thursday Shuckle Bug 60 Risk-Taker 1 Heart(s) 5 5899 10% Base catch + 3% per move
Friday Relicanth Rock 60 Mega Boost 1 Heart(s) 15 4752 8% Base catch + 3% per move
Monday Spiritomb Ghost 60 Spookify 1 Heart(s) 17 3100 5% Base catch + 3% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Dialga Steel 80 Block Smash+ 1 Heart(s) 25 17820 10% Base catch + 3% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Palkia Water 80 Barrier Bash+ 400 Coins 25 28188 8% Base catch + 2% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Chance of Appearing Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Pikachu (Angry) Electric 50 Super Bolt 1 Heart(s) 3.33% 2 600 20% Base catch + 5% per move
Pikachu (Winking) Electric 50 Swap++ 1 Heart(s) 33.33% 7 5481 13% Base catch + 4% per move
Pikachu (Enamored) Electric 50 Mind Zap 1 Heart(s) 10.67% 8 8712 14% Base catch + 2% per move
Pikachu (Smiling) Electric 50 Flash Mob 1 Heart(s) 30% 10 10890 11% Base catch + 3% per move
Pikachu (Charizard Costume) Electric 50 Burn 1 Heart(s) 10.67% 10 13068 17% Base catch + 2% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Time (Seconds) HP Catch Rate
Beedrill Poison 60 Block Smash 1 Heart(s) 40 17160 6% Base catch + 5% per three seconds left
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns Catch Rate
Meloetta (Aria Forme) Psychic 80 Mega Boost++ 1 Heart(s) 8 0% Base catch + 1% per escalation level
Level Escalation Stage Rewards
Level 5 1 Exp. Booster S
Level 10 2 Exp. Booster Ss
Level 15 1 Exp. Booster M
Level 20 1 Exp. Booster M
Level 25 1 Skill Booster S
Level 35 1 Exp. Booster L
Level 50 1 Mega Speedup
Level 75 1 Skill Booster M
Level 100 1 Skill Swapper
Level 125 2 Mega Speedups
Level 150 3 Raise Max Levels
Level 175 2 Mega Speedups
Level 200 5 Raise Max Levels
Pokémon Base Attack Power Max Attack Power (Max RML)
Meloetta (Aria Forme) 80 130 (10)
Victini 80 115 (5)
Duosion 50 100 (5)
Gothita 40 105 (10)
Unown (!) 50 115 (10)
Slowbro 60 135 (20)
Mewtwo 80 145 (20)
Lugia 80 130 (10)
Noivern 70 125 (10)
Unfezant 60 105 (5)
Taillow 40 105 (10)
Swellow 60 105 (5)
Swablu 50 115 (10)
Pidgey 30 100 (10)
Pidgeotto 50 100 (5)
Braviary 70 110 (5)
Spearow 30 100 (10)
Mantine 60 105 (5)
Regigigas 90 150 (20)
Audino 50 120 (15)
Audino (Winking) 50 120 (15)
Munchlax 50 120 (15)
Snorlax 70 140 (20)
Ursaring 70 125 (10)
Buneary 40 125 (20)
Komala 60 120 (10)
Lickitung 50 120 (15)
Blissey 70 125 (10)
Porygon 50 115 (10)
Porygon2 70 125 (10)
Porygon-Z 70 130 (15)
Riolu 40 125 (20)
Lucario 70 140 (20)
Throh 60 120 (10)
Sawk 60 120 (10)
Medicham 60 135 (20)
Pangoro 60 105 (5)
Machop 50 115 (10)
Gligar 60 105 (5)
Golett 50 100 (5)
Camerupt 70 110 (5)
Garchomp 80 115 (5)
Groudon 70 140 (20)
Kyogre 70 140 (20)
Dialga 80 130 (10)
Palkia 80 130 (10)
Incineroar 70 125 (10)
Decidueye 70 125 (10)
Primarina 70 125 (10)
Typhlosion 70 110 (5)
Meganium 70 110 (5)
Feraligatr 70 110 (5)
Shaymin (Land Forme) 70 110 (5)
Shaymin (Sky Forme) 70 110 (5)
Ninetales 70 110 (5)
Beedrill 60 105 (5)
Charmander 40 125 (20)
Bulbasaur 40 125 (20)
Squirtle 40 125 (20)
Uxie 70 125 (10)
Mesprit 70 125 (10)
Azelf 70 125 (10)
Pokémon Regular Ability Skill Swapped Ability
Meloetta (Aria Forme) Mega Boost++ Quirky++
Uxie Mind Zap Flash Mob
Azelf Paralyze Flash Mob
Mesprit Sleep Charm Flash Mob
Victini Hitting Streak Last-Ditch Effort
Duosion Swap Psychic Combo
Gothita Cloud Clear Block Shot
Lugia Eject+ Cross Attack+
Noivern Cloud Clear++ Shot Out
Taillow Rock Break Rock Shot
Swellow Cloud Clear Barrier Shot
Swablu Opportunist Mega Boost+
Mantine Risk-Taker Flash Mob
Regigigas Hyper Punch Shot Out
Buneary Opportunist Sleep Charm
Munchlax Risk-Taker Rock Break++
Snorlax Brute Force Try Hard
Chansey Mega Boost Super Cheer
Blissey Power of 5 Block Smash++
Porygon Barrier Bash+ Flash Mob
Porygon2 Crowd Power Cross Attack+
Porygon-Z Shock Attack Hitting Streak+
Riolu Heavy Hitter Mega Boost+
Hitmontop Rock Break+ Block Shot
Gligar Cloud Clear Block Shot
Golett Heavy Hitter Rock Shot
Groudon Quake Barrier Shot
Kyogre Rock Break Rock Shot
Typhlosion Hyper Punch Rock Shot
Meganium Stabilize+ Block Shot
Feraligatr Paralyze Barrier Shot
Shaymin (Sky Forme) Power of 4+ Block Shot
Ninetales Block Smash Burn+
Beedrill Block Smash Swap++
Amount of Check-Ins Reward 5 days or more 5 Hearts 10 days or more 5 Hearts, Pikachu (Celebration) 15 days or more 5 Hearts, Pikachu (Celebration), 1 Mega Speedup
 

Old Content Still Present

 

Future Content

 

New Special Stage Pokémon Images

Imgur Album of Recent Main Stage Pokémon

New Special Stage Pokémon Images

Imgur Album of Recent Special Stage Pokémon
 

Item Drop Rates This Update

Pokémon Item 1 - Drop Rate Item 2 - Drop Rate Item 3 - Drop Rate
Bagon PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25% PSB - 3.13%
Croagunk PSB - 25% PSB - 3.13% PSB - 1.56%
Shelgon PSB - 25% PSB - 3.13% PSB - 1.56%
Snover PSB - 50% PSB - 3.13% PSB - 1.56%
Toxicroak PSB - 25% PSB - 3.13% PSB - 1.56%
Salamence PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Hippopotas PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25% PSB - 3.13%
Abomasnow PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Cherubi PSB - 50% PSB - 3.13% PSB - 1.56%
Buneary PSB - 12.5% PSB - 1.56% PSB - 0.78%
Hippowdon PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25% PSB - 3.13%
Cherrim PSB - 25% PSB - 1.56% PSB - 0.78%
Lopunny PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Beedrill PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Dialga PSB - 50% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Palkia PSB - 50% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Great Daily Pokémon PSB - 50% PSB - 50% PSB - 12.5%
Daily Pokémon #3 100 Coins - 50% 300 Coins - 12.5% 2,000 Coins - 3.125%
Safari Exp. Booster S - 25% Exp. Booster M - 3.13% Exp. Booster L - 1.56%
 

Additional Information

 
As always, PM me for mistakes and I will correct it.
submitted by OreoCupcakes to PokemonShuffle [link] [comments]


2017.07.25 08:03 OreoCupcakes Shiny Mega Tyranitar Competitive Stage, Jewel Deals, Entei, Hitmonchan, Kyurem Escalation Battles, Renewed Survival Mode, Coin & Heart Rewards, and Shiny Tyranitar Gift [Updates 7/25/17]

New Content

Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Mega Ability Mega Bar Speedups Available Cost to Play Stage Turns
Mega Tyranitar Rock 80 Eject Erases Pokémon and disruptions around three spots you tap. 30 15 1 Heart(s) 8
Mega Tyranitar (Shiny) Dark 80 Barrier Shot Erases (max 10) barrier-covered Pokémon or disruptions, damages foe. 12 4 1 Heart(s) 8
Rewards Mobile Rank NA 3DS Rank EU 3DS Rank JP 3DS Rank
1 Tyranitarite*, 5 Mega Speedups, and 10 Raise Max Levels 1 - 600 1 - 100 1 - 100 1 - 300
1 Tyranitarite*, 4 Mega Speedups, and 8 Raise Max Levels 601 - 2,000 101 - 300 101 - 200 301 - 1,000
1 Tyranitarite*, 3 Mega Speedups, and 6 Raise Max Levels 2,001 - 5,000 301 - 600 201 - 500 1,001 - 2,500
1 Tyranitarite*, 2 Mega Speedups, and 4 Raise Max Levels 5,001 - 8,000 601 - 1,000 501 - 700 2,501 - 4,000
1 Tyranitarite*, 2 Mega Speedup, and 2 Raise Max Level 8,001 - 16,000 1,001 - 2,100 701 - 1,500 4,001 - 8,000
1 Tyranitarite*, 2 Mega Speedup, and 1 Raise Max Level 16,001 - 28,000 2,101- 3,600 1,501 - 2,600 8,001 - 14,000
1 Tyranitarite*, 1 Mega Speedup, and 1 Raise Max Level 28,001 - 40,000 3,601 - 5,200 2,601 - 3,700 14,001 - 20,000
1 Tyranitarite* and 1 Mega Speedup 40,001 - 60,000 5,201 - 7,800 3,701 - 5,600 20,001 - 30,000
1 Tyranitarite* and 1 Attack Power ↑ 60,001 - 80,000 7,801 - 10,400 5,601 - 7,400 30,001 - 40,000
1 Attack Power ↑ and 1 Mega Start 80,001 - 100,000 10,401 - 13,000 7,401 - 9,300 40,001 - 50,000
1 Attack Power ↑ and 1 Disruption Delay 100,001 - 130,000 13,001 - 16,800 9,301 - 12,100 50,001 - 65,000
1 Attack Power ↑ 130,001+ 16,801+ 12,101+ 65,001+
* Those who have already obtained Tyranitarite will get one Level Up instead.
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Entei Fire 70 Power of 5 400 Coins 16 4260 X% Base catch + X% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Stage Turns HP Catch Rate
Hitmonchan Fighting 60 Hyper Punch 1 Heart(s) 16 19524 X% Base catch + X% per move
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Cost to Play Time (Seconds) Catch Rate
Kyurem Ice 80 Power of 5+ 1 Heart 30 0% Base catch + 1% per escalation level
Level Escalation Stage Rewards
30 1 Time +10
40 1 Disruption Delay
50 1 Mega Speedup
60 2 Exp. Booster Ss
70 1 Skill Swapper
80 1 Exp. Booster L
90 1 Mega Start
100 1 Mega Speedup
125 1 Skill Booster S
150 2 Raise Max Levels
175 1 Skill Booster S
200 1 Mega Speedup
250 3 Raise Max Levels
275 2 Mega Speedups
300 4 Raise Max Levels
Pokémon Type Base Power Ability Mega Ability Mega Bar Speedups Available
Mega Tyranitar (Shiny) Dark 80 Barrier Shot Erases (max 10) barrier-covered Pokémon or disruptions, damages foe. 12 4
Target stages Non-Target Stages
Up to main stage 550 Main stages 1–11 (and some after 11)
Expert stages 4–47 Expert Stages 1–3
Survival Mode Stage Pokémon Encounter First Time Rewards Repeat Rewards
1 Eevee
2 Mega Audino
3 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
4 Mega Slowbro
5 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
6 Mega Ampharos
7 Random Main Stage 11- 147
8 Mega Gengar
9 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
10 Mega Mewtwo Y 1 Exp. Booster M 1 Exp. Booster S
11 Meowth
12 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
13 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
14 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
15 Aerodactyl
16 Klefki
17 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
18 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
19 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
20 Mega Aerodactyl 1 Raise Max Level 2 Exp. Booster S
21 Pidgeotto
22 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
23 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
24 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
25 Heracross 1 Exp. Booster M 3 Exp. Booster S
26 Chingling
27 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
28 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
29 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
30 Mega Heracross 1 Raise Max Level 1 Exp. Booster M
31 Dratini
32 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
33 Random Main Stage 211 - 238
34 Random Main Stage 211 - 238
35 Medicham 1 Exp. Booster L 2 Exp. Booster M
36 Vanillish
37 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
38 Random Main Stage 211 - 238
39 Random Main Stage 211 - 238
40 Mega Medicham 2 Raise Max Levels 2 Exp. Booster M
41 Tangela
42 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
43 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
44 Random Main Stage 11 - 147
45 Random Main Stage 241 - 259 1 Exp. Booster L 3 Exp. Booster M
46 Random Main Stage 241 - 259
47 Random Main Stage 241 - 259
48 Random Main Stage 241 - 259
49 Random Main Stage 241 - 259
50 Deoxys (Normal Forme) 5 Raise Max Levels 1 Exp. Booster L
51 Vaporeon
52 Random Main Stage 151 - 209
53 Random Main Stage 261 - 299
54 Random Main Stage 261 - 299
55 Rayquaza 1 Skill Booster L 1 Exp. Booster L
56 Random Main Stage 261 - 299
57 Random Main Stage 261 - 299
58 Random Main Stage 183 - 185
59 Random Main Stage 183 - 185
60 Mega Rayquaza 10 Raise Max Levels 1 Skill Booster S
 

Old Content Still Present

 

Future Content

The Start-of-Month Challenge, in which you can get awesome Enhancements, is here! In this limited-time, three-day period, defeat Pokémon to get useful stuff like Enhancements and Coins! Here's the lineup! ------------------ ★ Appearing Pokémon / Drops Audino / 3 Mega Speedups Bulbasaur / 1 Skill Booster L Charmander / 2 Mega Speedups Squirtle / 5,000 Coins Espurr / 10 Hearts ------------------ You can play this stage once during the following event period without spending Jewels. You can spend Jewels to play up to four more times this period. Each of these additional attempts will require one Jewel. Note that the Pokémon mentioned in the lineup appear at random. You can take on each Pokémon once during the event period. If you were unable to clear the stage or you gave up on the stage, you will not receive the Enhancement(s), etc.
Different Pokémon that have appeared in the Great Challenge, etc., are appearing in stages each day! The Pokémon changes each day, so you'll want to check every day! After you catch the Pokémon, if you retry the stage, it may occasionally drop one Skill Booster for that Pokémon!
 

New Special Stage Pokémon Images

Imgur Album of Recent Special Stage Pokémon
 

Item Drop Rates This Update

Pokémon Item 1 - Drop Rate Item 2 - Drop Rate Item 3 - Drop Rate
Butterfree PSB - 100% Skill Booster S - 25% Exp. Booster L - 12.5%
Entei PSB - 25% PSB - 25% Raise Max Level - 1.56%
Meloetta (Pirouette Forme) PSB - 100% PSB - 50% PSB - 12.5%
Hitmonlee PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Hitmonchan PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Ho-Oh PSB - 25% PSB - 12.5% PSB - 6.25%
Daily Pokémon #1 100 Coins - 50% 300 Coins - 12.5% 2,000 Coins - 3.125%
 

Additional Information

 
As always, PM me for mistakes and I will correct it.
submitted by OreoCupcakes to PokemonShuffle [link] [comments]


2017.07.09 19:47 my7longhair a man we know

Walt Disney
Walter Elias "Walt" Disney (/ˈdɪzni/; December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. As a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations. He was presented with two Golden Globe Special Achievement Awards and an Emmy Award, among other honors. Several of his films are included in the National Film Reg. Library Congress.
Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing. He took art classes as a boy and got a job as a commercial illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With Ub Iwerks, Walt developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first highly popular success; he also provided the voice for his creation in the early years. As the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, full-color three-strip Technicolor, feature-length cartoons and technical developments in cameras. The results, seen in features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia, Pinocchio (both 1940), Dumbo and Bambi, furthered the development of animated film. New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the critically successful Cinderella and Mary Poppins, the latter of which received five Academy Awards.
Disney was a shy, self-deprecating and insecure man in private, but adopted a warm and outgoing public persona. He had high standards and high expectations of those with whom he worked. Although there have been accusations that he was racist or anti-semitic, they have been contradicted by many who knew him. His reputation changed in the years after his death, from a purveyor of homely patriotic values to a representative of American imperialism. Nevertheless, Disney is considered a cultural icon, particularly in the United States, where the company he co-founded is one of the world's largest and best-known entertainment companies.
Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901, at 1249 Tripp Avenue, in Chicago's Hermosa neighborhood. He was the fourth son of Elias Disney‍—‌born in the Province of Canada, to Irish parents‍—‌and Flora (née Call), an American of German and English descent. Aside from Disney, Elias and Call's sons were Herbert, Raymond, and Roy; the couple had a fifth child, Ruth, in December 1903. In 1906, when Disney was four, the family moved to a farm in Marceline, Missouri, where his uncle Robert had just purchased land. In Marceline, Disney developed his interest in drawing when he was paid to draw the horse of a retired neighborhood doctor. Elias was a subscriber to the Appeal to Reason newspaper, and Disney practiced drawing by copying the front-page cartoons of Ryan Walker. Disney also began to develop an ability to work with watercolors and crayons. He lived near the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway line and became enamored of trains. He and his younger sister Ruth started school at the same time at the Park School in Marceline in late 1909.
In 1911, the Disneys moved to Kansas City, Missouri. There, Disney attended the Benton Grammar School, where he met fellow student Walter Pfeiffer, who came from a family of theater fans and introduced Disney to the world of vaudeville and motion pictures. Before long, he was spending more time at the Pfeiffers' house than at home. Elias had purchased a newspaper delivery route for The Kansas City Star and Kansas City Times. Disney and his brother Roy woke up at 4:30 every morning to deliver the Times before school and repeated the round for the evening Star after school. The schedule was exhausting, and Disney often received poor grades after falling asleep in class, but he continued his paper route for more than six years. He attended Saturday courses at the Kansas City Art Institute and also took a correspondence course in cartooning.
In 1917, Elias bought stock in a Chicago jelly producer, the O-Zell Company, and moved back to the city with his family. Disney enrolled at McKinley High School and became the cartoonist for the school newspaper, drawing patriotic pictures about World War I; he also took night courses at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. In mid-1918, Disney attempted to join the United States Army to fight against the Germans, but he was rejected for being too young. After forging the date of birth on his birth certificate, he joined the Red Cross in September 1918 as an ambulance driver. He was shipped to France but arrived in November, after the armistice. He drew cartoons on the side of his ambulance for decoration and had some of his work published in the army newspaper Stars and Stripes. Disney returned to Kansas City in October 1919, where he worked as an apprentice artist at the Pesmen-Rubin Commercial Art Studio. There, he drew commercial illustrations for advertising, theater programs, and catalogs. He also befriended fellow artist Ub Iwerks.
In January 1920, as Pesmen-Rubin's revenue declined after Christmas, Disney and Iwerks were laid off. They started their own business, the short-lived Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. Failing to attract many customers, Disney and Iwerks agreed that Disney should leave temporarily to earn money at the Kansas City Film Ad Company, run by A. Cougar; the following month Iwerks, who was not able to run their business alone, also joined. The company produced commercials using the cutout animation technique. Disney became interested in animation, although he preferred drawn cartoons such as Mutt and Jeff and Koko the Clown. With the assistance of a borrowed book on animation and a camera, he began experimenting at home. He came to the conclusion that cell animation was more promising than the cutout method. Unable to persuade Cougar to try cel animation at the company, Disney opened a new business with a co-worker from the Film Ad Co, Fred Harman. Their main client was the local Newman Theater, and the short cartoons they produced were sold as "Newman's Laugh-O-Grams". Disney studied Paul Terry's Aesop's Fables as a model, and the first six "Laugh-O-Grams" were modernized fairy tales.
Disney moved to Hollywood in July 1923. Although New York was the center of the cartoon industry, he was attracted to Los Angeles because his brother Roy was convalescing from tuberculosis there. Disney's efforts to sell Alice's Wonderland were in vain until he heard from New York film distributor Margaret J. She was losing the rights to both the Out of the Inkwell and Felix the Cat cartoons and needed a new series. In October they signed a contract for six Alice comedies, with an option for two further series of six episodes each. Disney and his brother Roy formed the Disney Brothers Studio‍—‌which later became The Walt Disney Company‍—‌to produce the films; they persuaded Davis and her family to relocate to Hollywood to continue production, with Davis on contract at $100 a month. In July 1924 Disney also hired Iwerks, persuading him to relocate to Hollywood from Kansas City.
Early in 1925, Disney hired an ink artist, Lillian Bounds. They married in July of that year. The marriage was generally happy, according to Lillian, although according to Disney's biographer Neal Gabler she did not "accept Walt's decisions meekly or his status unquestionably, and she admitted that he was always telling people 'how henpecked he is'." Lillian had little interest in films or the Hollywood social scene and she was, in the words of the historian Steven Watts, "content with household management and providing support for her husband". Their marriage produced two daughters, Diane (born December 1933) and Sharon (adopted in December 1936, born six weeks previously). Within the family, neither Disney nor his wife hid the fact Sharon had been adopted, although they became annoyed if people outside the family raised the point. The Disneys were careful to keep their daughters out of the public eye as much as possible, particularly in the light of the Lindbergh kidnapping; Disney took steps to ensure his daughters were not photographed by the press.
By 1926 Winkler's role in the distribution of the Alice series had been handed over to her husband, the film producer Charles Mintz, although the relationship between him and Disney was sometimes strained. The series ran until July 1927, by which time Disney had begun to tire of it and wanted to move away from the mixed format to all animation. After Mintz requested new material to distribute through Universal Pictures, Disney and Iwerks created Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, a character Disney wanted to be "peppy, alert, saucy and venturesome, keeping him also neat and trim".
In February 1928, Disney hoped to negotiate a larger fee for producing the Oswald series but found Mintz wanting to reduce the payments. Mintz had also persuaded many of the artists involved to work directly for him, including Harman, Ising, Carman Maxwell and Friz Freleng. Disney also found out that Universal owned the intellectual property rights to Oswald. Mintz threatened to start his own studio and produce the series himself if Disney refused to accept the reductions. Disney declined Mintz's ultimatum and lost most of his animation staff, except Iwerks, who chose to remain with him.
To replace Oswald, Disney and Iwerks developed Mickey Mouse, possibly inspired by a pet mouse that Disney had adopted while working in his Laugh-O-Gram studio, although the origins of the character are unclear. Disney's original choice of name was Mortimer Mouse, but Lillian thought it too pompous and suggested Mickey instead. Iwerks revised Disney's provisional sketches to make the character easier to animate, and Disney provided Mickey's voice until 1947. In the words of one Disney employee, "Ub designed Mickey's physical appearance, but Walt gave him his soul.".
Mickey Mouse first appeared in May 1928 as a single test screening of the short Plane Crazy, but it, and the second feature, The Gallopin' Gaucho, failed to find a distributor. Following the 1927 sensation The Jazz Singer, Disney used synchronized sound on the third short, Steamboat Willie, to create the first sound cartoon. After the animation was complete, Disney signed a contract with the former executive of Universal Pictures, Pat Powers, to use the "Powers Cinephone" recording system; Cinephone became the new distributor for Disney's early sound cartoons, which soon became popular.
To improve the quality of the music, Disney hired the professional composer and arranger Carl Stalling, on whose suggestion the Silly Symphony series was developed, providing stories through the use of music; the first in the series, The Skeleton Dance, was drawn and animated entirely by Iwerks. Also hired at this time were several local artists, some of whom stayed with the company as core animators; the group later became known as the Nine Old Men. Both the Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphonies series was successful, but Disney and his brother felt they were not receiving their rightful share of profits from Powers. In 1930, Disney tried to trim costs from the process by urging Iwerks to abandon the practice of animating every separate cell in favor of the more efficient technique of drawing key poses and letting lower-paid assistants sketch the in-between poses. Disney asked Powers for an increase in payments for the cartoons. Powers refused and signed Iwerks to work for him; Stalling resigned shortly afterward, thinking that without Iwerks, the Disney Studio would close. Disney had a nervous breakdown in October 1931‍—‌which he blamed on the machinations of Powers and his own overwork‍—‌so he and Lillian took an extended holiday to Cuba and a cruise to Panama to recover.
With the loss of Powers as a distributor, Disney Studios signed a contract with Columbia Pictures to distribute the Mickey Mouse cartoons, which became increasingly popular, including internationally. Disney, always keen to embrace new technology, filmed Flowers and Trees in full-color three-strip Technicolor; he was also able to negotiate a deal giving him the sole right to use the three-strip process until August 31, 1935. All subsequent Silly Symphony cartoons were in color. Flowers and Trees were popular with audiences and won the Academy Award for best Short Subject (Cartoon) at the 1932 ceremony. Disney had been nominated for another film in that category, Mickey's Orphans, and received an Honorary Award "for the creation of Mickey Mouse".
In 1933, Disney produced The Three Little Pigs, a film described by the media historian Adrian Danks as "the most successful short animation of all time". The film won Disney another Academy Award in the Short Subject (Cartoon) category. The film's success led to a further increase in the studio's staff, which numbered nearly 200 by the end of the year. Disney realized the importance of telling emotionally gripping stories that would interest the audience, and he invested in a "story department" separate from the animators, with storyboard artists who would detail the plots of Disney's films.
By 1934, Disney had become dissatisfied with producing formulaic cartoon shorts and began a four-year production of a feature-length cartoon, Snow White, and the Seven Dwarfs, based on the fairy tale. When news leaked out about the project, many in the film industry predicted it would bankrupt the company; industry insiders nicknamed it "Disney's Folly". The film, which was the first animated feature made in full color and sound, cost $1.5 million to produce‍—‌three times over budget. To ensure the animation was as realistic as possible, Disney sent his animators on courses at the Chouinard Art Institute; he brought animals into the studio and hired actors so that the animators could study realistic movement. To portray the changing perspective of the background as a camera moved through a scene, Disney's animators developed a multiplane camera which allowed drawings on pieces of glass to be set at various distances from the camera, creating an illusion of depth. The glass could be moved to create the impression of a camera passing through the scene. The first work created on the camera‍—‌a Silly Symphony called The Old Mill ‍—‌won the Academy Award for Animated Short Film because of its impressive visual power. Although Snow White had been largely finished by the time the multiplane camera had been completed, Disney ordered some scenes be re-drawn to use the new effects.
Snow White premiered in December 1937 to high praise from critics and audiences. The film became the most successful motion picture of 1938 and by May 1939 its total gross of $6.5 million made it the most successful sound film made to that date. Disney won another Honorary Academy Award, which consisted of one full-sized and seven miniature Oscar statuettes. The success of Snow White heralded one of the most productive eras for the studio; the Walt Disney Family Museum calls the following years "the 'Golden Age of Animation' ". With work on Snow White finished, the studio began producing Pinocchio in early 1938 and Fantasia in November of the same year. Both films were released in 1940, and neither performed well at the box office‍—‌partly because revenues from Europe had dropped following the start of World War II in 1939. The studio made a loss on both pictures and was deeply in debt by the end of February 1941.
In response to the financial crisis, Disney and his brother Roy started the company's first public stock offering in 1940 and implemented heavy salary cuts. The latter measure and Disney's sometimes high-handed and insensitive manner of dealing with staff led to a 1941 animators' strike which lasted five weeks. While a federal mediator from the National Labor Relations Board negotiated with the two sides, Disney accepted an offer from the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs to make a goodwill trip to South America, ensuring he was absent during a resolution he knew would be unfavorable to the studio. As a result of the strike‍—‌and the financial state of the company‍—‌several animators left the studio, and Disney's relationship with other members of staff was permanently strained as a result. The strike temporarily interrupted the studio's next production, Dumbo, which Disney produced in a simple and inexpensive manner; the film received a positive reaction from audiences and critics alike.
In 1949, Disney and his family moved to a new home in the Holmby Hills district of Los Angeles. With the help of his friends Ward and Betty Kimball, who already had their own backyard railroad, Disney developed blueprints and immediately set to work on creating a miniature live steam railroad for his backyard. The name of the railroad, Carolwood Pacific Railroad, came from his home's location on Carolwood Drive. The miniature working steam locomotive was built by Disney Studios engineer Roger E. Broggie, and Disney named it Lilly Belle after his wife; after three years Disney ordered it into storage due to a series of accidents involving his guests.
For several years Disney had been considering building a theme park. When he visited Griffith Park in Los Angeles with his daughters, he wanted to be in a clean, unspoiled park, where both children and their parents could have fun. He visited the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen, Denmark, and was heavily influenced by the cleanliness and layout of the park. In March 1952 he received zoning permission to build a theme park in Burbank, near the Disney studios. This site proved too small, and a larger plot in Anaheim, 35 miles (56 km) south of the studio, was purchased. To distance the project from the studio‍—‌which might attract the criticism of shareholders‍—‌Disney formed WED Enterprises (now Walt Disney Imagineering) and used his own money to fund a group of designers and animators to work on the plans; those involved became known as "Imagineers". After obtaining bank funding he invited other stockholders, American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres‍—‌part of American Broadcasting Company (ABC)‍—‌and Western Printing and Lithographing Company. In mid-1954, Disney sent his Imagineers to every amusement park in the U.S. to analyze what worked and what pitfalls or problems there were in the various locations and incorporated their findings into his design. Construction work started in July 1954, and Disneyland opened in July 1955; the opening ceremony was broadcast on ABC, which reached 70 million viewers. The park was designed as a series of themed lands, linked by the central Main Street, U.S.A.‍—‌a replica of the main street in his hometown of Marceline. The connected themed areas were Adventureland, Frontierland, Fantasyland, and Tomorrowland. The park also contained the narrow gauge Disneyland Railroad that linked the lands; around the outside of the park was a high berm to separate the park from the outside world. An editorial in The New York Times considered that Disney had "tastefully combined some of the pleasant things of yesterday with fantasy and dreams of tomorrow". Although there were early minor problems with the park, it was a success, and after a month's operation, Disneyland was receiving over 20,000 visitors a day; by the end of its first year, it attracted 3.6 million guests.
The money from ABC was contingent on Disney television programs. The studio had been involved in a successful television special on Christmas Day 1950 about the making of Alice in Wonderland. Roy believed the program added millions to the box office takings. In a March 1951 letter to shareholders, he wrote that "television can be a most powerful selling aid for us, as well as a source of revenue. It will probably be on this premise that we enter television when we do". In 1954, after the Disneyland funding had been agreed, ABC broadcast Walt Disney's Disneyland, an anthology consisting of animated cartoons, live-action features and other material from the studio's library. The show was successful in terms of ratings and profits, earning an audience share of over 50%. In April 1955, Newsweek called the series an "American institution". ABC was pleased with the ratings, leading to Disney's first daily television program, The Mickey Mouse Club, a variety show catering specifically to children. The program was accompanied by merchandising through various companies (Western Printing, for example, had been producing coloring books and comics for over 20 years, and produced several items connected to the show). One of the segments of Disneyland consisted of the five-part miniseries Davy Crockett which, according to Gabler, "became an overnight sensation". The show's theme song, "The Ballad of Davy Crockett", became internationally popular, and ten million records were sold. As a result, Disney formed his own record production and distribution entity, Disneyland Records.
As well as the construction of Disneyland, Disney worked on other projects away from the studio. He was consultant to the 1959 American National Exhibition in Moscow; Disney Studios' contribution was America the Beautiful, a 19-minute film in the 360-degree Circarama theater that was one of the most popular attractions. The following year he acted as the chairman of the Pageantry Committee for the 1960 Winter Olympics at Squaw Valley, California, where he designed the opening, closing and medal ceremonies.
Despite the demands wrought by non-studio projects, Disney continued to work on film and television projects. In 1955 he was involved in "Man in Space", an episode of the Disneyland series, which was made in collaboration with NASA rocket designer Wernher von Braun. Disney also oversaw aspects of the full-length features Lady and the Tramp (the first animated film in CinemaScope) in 1955, Sleeping Beauty (the first animated film in Technirama 70 mm film) in 1959, One Hundred and One Dalmatians (the first animated feature film to use Xerox cells) in 1961 and The Sword in the Stone in 1963.
In 1964, Disney produced Mary Poppins, based on the book series by P. Travers; he had been trying to acquire the rights to the story since the 1940s. It became the most successful Disney film of the 1960s, although Travers disliked the film intensely and regretted having sold the rights. The same year he also became involved in plans to expand the California Institute of the Arts (colloquially called CalArts) and had an architect draw up blueprints for a new building.
Disney provided four exhibits for the 1964 New York World's Fair, for which he obtained funding from selected corporate sponsors. For PepsiCo, who planned to tribute UNICEF, Disney developed It's a Small World, a boat ride with audio-animatronic dolls depicting children of the world; Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln contained an animatronic Abraham Lincoln giving excerpts from his speeches; Carousel of Progress promoted the importance of electricity; and Ford's Magic Skyway portrayed the progress of mankind. Elements of all four exhibits‍—‌principally concepts and technology‍—‌were re-installed in Disneyland, although It's a Small World is the ride that most closely resembles the original.
During the early to mid-1960s, Disney developed plans for a ski resort in Mineral King, a glacial valley in California's Sierra Nevada. He hired experts such as the renowned Olympic ski coach and ski-area designer Willy Schaeffler. With income from Disneyland accounting for an increasing proportion of the studio's income, Disney continued to look for venues for other attractions. In late 1965, he announced plans to develop another theme park to be called "Disney World" (now Walt Disney World), a few miles southwest of Orlando, Florida. Disney World was to include the "Magic Kingdom"‍—‌a larger and more elaborate version of Disneyland‍—‌plus golf courses and resort hotels. The heart of Disney World was to be the "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow" (EPCOT), which he described as:.
Disney had been a heavy smoker since World War I. He did not use cigarettes with filters
The release of The Jungle Book and The Happiest Millionaire in 1967 raised the total number of feature films that Disney had been involved into 81. When Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day was released in 1968, it earned Disney an Academy Award in the Short Subject (Cartoon) category, awarded posthumously. After Disney's death, his studios continued to produce live-action films prolifically but largely abandoned animation until the late 1980s, after which there was what The New York Times describes as the "Disney Renaissance" that began with The Little Mermaid. Disney's companies continue to produce the successful film, television and stage entertainment.
Disney's plans for the futuristic city of EPCOT did not come to fruition. After Disney's death, his brother Roy deferred his retirement to take full control of the Disney companies. He changed the focus of the project from a town to an attraction. At the inauguration in 1971, Roy dedicated Walt Disney World to his brother. Walt Disney World expanded with the opening of Epcot Center in 1982; Walt Disney's vision of a functional city was replaced by a park more akin to a permanent world's fair. In 2009, the Walt Disney Family Museum, designed by Disney's daughter Diane and her son Walter E. Miller, opened in the Presidio of San Francisco. Thousands of artifacts from Disney's life and career are on display, including numerous awards that he received. In 2014, the Disney theme parks around the world hosted approximately 134 million visitors.
In February 1960, Disney was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame with two stars, one for motion pictures and the other for his television work; Mickey Mouse was given his own star for motion pictures in 1978. Disney was also inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1986, the California Hall of Fame in December 2006, and was the inaugural recipient of a star on the Anaheim walk of stars in 2014.
Disney has been accused of anti-Semitism, although none of his employees‍—‌including the animator Art Babbitt, who disliked Disney intensely‍—‌ever accused him of making anti-semitic slurs or taunts. The Walt Disney Family Museum acknowledges that ethnic stereotypes common to films of the 1930s were included in some early cartoons. Disney donated regularly to Jewish charities, he was named "1955 Man of the Year" by the B'nai B'rith chapter in Beverly Hills, and his studio employed a number of Jews, some of whom were in influential positions. Gabler, the first writer to gain unrestricted access to the Disney archives, concludes that the available evidence did not support accusations of anti-Semitism and that Disney was "not in the conventional sense that we think of someone as being an anti-Semite". Gabler concludes that "though Walt himself, in my estimation, was not anti-Semitic, nevertheless, he willingly allied himself with people who were anti-Semitic, and that reputation stuck. He was never really able to expunge it throughout his life". Disney distanced himself from the Motion Picture Alliance in the 1950s.
Disney has also been accused of racism because some of his productions released between the 1930s and 1950s contain racially insensitive material. The feature film Song of the South was criticized by contemporary film critics, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and others for its perpetuation of black stereotypes, but Disney later campaigned successfully for an Honorary Academy Award for its star, James Baskett, the first black actor so honored. Gabler argues that "Walt Disney was no racist. He never, either publicly or privately, made disparaging remarks about blacks or asserted white superiority. Like most white Americans of his generation, however, he was racially insensitive." Floyd Norman, the studio's first black animator who worked closely with Disney during the 1950s and 1960s, said, "Not once did I observe a hint of the racist behavior Walt Disney was often accused of after his death. His treatment of people‍—‌and by this I mean all people‍—‌can only be called exemplary.".
Disney remains the central figure in the history of animation. Through technological innovations and alliances with governments and corporations, he transformed a minor studio in a marginal form of communication into a multinational leisure industry giant. Despite his critics, his vision of a modern, corporate utopia as an extension of traditional American values has possibly gained greater currency in the years after his death.
The mission of The Walt Disney Company is to be one of the world’s leading producers and providers of entertainment and information. Using our portfolio of brands to differentiate our content, services, and consumer products, we seek to develop the most creative, innovative and profitable entertainment experiences and related products in the world.
About The mission of The Walt Disney Company is to be one of the world’s leading producers and providers of entertainment and information. Using our portfolio of brands to differentiate our content, services, and consumer products, we seek to develop the most creative, innovative and profitable entertainment experiences and related products in the world. and had smoked a pipe as a young man. In November 1966, he was diagnosed with lung cancer and treated with cobalt therapy. On November 30 he felt unwell and was taken to St. Joseph Hospital where, on December 15, ten days after his 65th birthday, he died of circulatory collapse caused by lung cancer. Disney's remains were cremated two days later, and his ashes interred at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.
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2017.05.15 07:27 vikasso idk dude she's not really my type: An overview of types in the sumo ou metagame

Introduction:

     Types are probably the most important part of pokemon as they can either salvage poor stats or ruin a mon with good stats. Below are the ramblings on some of the types in the current sumo ou meta by a sleep deprived over analytical try-hard. I’ll try to cover the rest of the types in a another post at a later date. Without further ado. Types are discussed based on how they use their offensive typing. Ex: bulu doesn’t get play rough so it’s prob not gonna be talked about much in the fairy section.

Flying

     Offensively this type was slept on until gen 6. Despite the nerf of Talonflame, offensive fliers are still a considerable threat in OU. Despite the fall of the bird spam archetype, Flying is still an amazing offensive type. Z-moves allow mons like Salamence , Celesteela, Gyarados, Landorus-T and Dragonite to use flying stab. Additionally, Pokemon like Mega-Pinsir and Tornadus-T continue to be powerful offensive users. Flying is a strong STAB being resisted by only rock, electric and steel, the former which is only represented by Tyranitar in the OU tier. while the only notable defensive electric types are Zapdos and the occasional AV zone. Since steel resists so many types, most teams are prepped for dealing with it. Flying is limited by it’s poor move options and distributions as hurricane has the accuracy of Focus Blast and most physical flying types don’t get brave bird access and are those forced to run fly which is unreliable outside of being used as a Z-move. As a coverage type Flying isn't worth using because the types it hits super effectively are hit by other types such as fire (bug, grass) or rare in this meta (fighting). So unless ur feeling heat and want an aerial ace Duggy to beat Buzzwole or brave bird koko for tangrowth Flying isnt a good coverage option. Most flying types, especially Dragonite benefit a ton from hazard removal because rocks greatly limit how often they can switch in.
     Defensively flying serves as a great secondary typing as it helps steel types like skarm and celesteela mitigate their ground weakness, while also making them take neutral damage from fighting type attacks. Zapdos also becomes an annoyingly defensive mon as it loses a ton of weaknesses and resists a lot of common attacks, serving as the perfect Mega-Pinsir check. Due to it's rock weakness defog support Of course a defensive look at flying would be incomplete without the genies of the healthy meta. Tornadus-T also serves as a good pivot when equipped with an assault vest, it's resistances and immunities in addition to regenerator make it difficult to take out even with the help of chip damage. Regenerator on Tornadus means that it doesnt care about stealth rocks as much as other birds because it heals enough from switching to ignore the rocks damage. Landorus-T is a defensive monster and everyone knows how good it is as a defensive pivot.

Ghost

     A type that was often overlooked in gen 6 thanks to the prominence of dark, ghost type mons benefit a ton from the frequency of fairies caused by the rise of tapu usage. Offensively ghost is an amazing type, hitting 2 types super effectively, doing nothing to the rare normal type and being resisted by the usually frail dark types. Notable offensive ghosts are mimikyu, A-Marowak and Gengar, which despite the loss of levitate remains a threat. Like cursed body only triggers when it not activating is ur wincon against someone with a gengar. When has levitate ever done that. And levitate isn’t that good in a meta where a mon with levitate isn’t a ground resist. A-wak and Mimikyu are deadly set-up sweepers with mimikyu basically being guaranteed a free SD and A-wak being amazing on trick room teams and vs stall in general. Cofagrigus is a niche option because of it's of it's solid bulk, ability and access to set-up. You can also use dhelmise if you dont wanna win. Ghost is in an interesting spot as the mons that deal with it defensively are chansey or mons with generally have high natural bulk. Even then Chansey can only deal with gengar, and still can lose 1v1 to certain variants. Since ghost types aren't prominent or meta-shaping, they are an oft-overlooked threat when building, as many teams dont have a solid ghost answer (Greninja doesnt count as a ghost resist) and can thus go to town on unprepared teams.
     Defensively the most infamous ghost type is Mega-Sableye which continues to be the face of stall. Sable has an immunity to 3 types and is only weak to fairy, combined with it's natural bulk and magic bounce, a well-played mega sableye can live a long time. Mega-Sableye also serves as a spin blocker so it can passively keep hazards off your side while also passively preventing one form of hazard removal. An immunity to fighting and psychic helps mega-sable a lot as it can check mega-medi if the medi doesnt go for ice punch or t-punch. And that’s assuming the Mega-sableye is mixed defenses instead of fully physical.

Fairy

     This is one of the most common types in the tier now thanks to the Tapus being on pretty much every team. In addition to the tapus, powerful fairy threats are mega mawile, magearna and mimikyu. Since fairy is such a common type in the tier, most teams will carry a fairy answer in the form of either a steel or poison type. Poison types do have to be wary of taking a psychic from a tapu lele tho. Of the tapus about half of them consistently use their fairy stab. As koko benefits more from HP ice in most situations and bulu just doesn't get any physical fairy moves. Heatran sports a quad resist to fairy attacks thanks to its fire steel typing and despite its water weakness it functions as a fini lure thanks to bloom doom and the fact that fini doesn't run water coverage that often. Fairy is by no means a bad offensive type, fleur cannon is a more spammable draco but the abundance of steel types in the tier make it less viable. Steel fairy provides mega mawile and magearna with great defensive typing and both of natural univested bulk in addition to excellent offensive stats, allowing them to break thru most of the tier. Fairy also lets lele put pressure on would be switch-ins like ash gren and fairy psychic is good dual stab.
     Defensively fairy sports a dragon immunity, a dark resist, a fighting resist and a bug resist. As a result, tapu fini is a very splashable mon as it has bulk and taunt and natures madness prevent it from completely being set up bait. It's access to defog makes it a common form a hazard control. Fini's typing allows her to be the perfect ash gren switch in and a generally good answer to rain. Fini works well with ferrothorn and landorus-t defensively as she has complementary typing with both of them. Fini's ability also provides team support by weakening dragon stab from threats like garchomp and also preventing status afflictions on both sides of the field. Despite falling of off his throne from gen 6, Clefable has a niche as a rocker on bulky offense and despite the nerf he still can toss out t-waves to annoy the opposing team. Magic guard is still an excellent ability as it prevents clefable from taking most forms of chip allowing it to avoid 2ohkos. Clefable is cool because it’s a rocker that isn’t hazard weak. Zmoves however give offensive mons a way to muscle thru clefable. Unaware Clefable also maintains a Role on stall so that the archetype doesn't get destroyed by set up mons. Unaware clef is also stall’s best answer to sub coil zygarde which can solo stall. Av magearna also deserves a mention as it is essentially a special version of defensive lando, being able to put offensive pressure and gain momentum thru volt turn while also eating hits for days.

Steel

     Offensively steel isn't that good in terms of coverage, however steel type mons are good offensively with excadrill being one of the few spinners in the tier and Pokémon like magearna celesteela mega mawile, bisharp mega scizor, magnezone and kartana using their stab to deal damage. Heatran also deserves a mention but some offensive variants forgo flash cannon for earth power for coverage. Rachi also exists with sets like z happy hour and sets like scarf Rachi show that using flinches as a wincon is still a viable strategy in 2017. Bish is a great mon on ho builds as it deters defog sand if ur opponent does decide to defog you have a monster in ur hands thanks to the power of defiant. Defiant also lets bish switch in on fini in most situations as even if the fini moonblasts they still risk a defiant boost. Bc of the presence of mega gross, mega scizor has been forced out of an offensive role, serving less as a mon that clicks sd then bp to a mon that comes in to eat a hit then roost defog or pivot out. However, the potential gross ban may see a rise in the offensive build. Magnezone is a type traitor as its main role is to trap opposing steels so that a mon like mega bee drill or a dragon can sweep. You can use analytic but I would advise against it. Z air slash celesteela sometimes runs flash cannon but flying grass fire coverage is generally preferred. Heavy slam from celesteela is pretty much always a 120 bp stab move that still does a ton even on defensive variants. Corkscrew crash from magearna or kartana can give them the kill they need to snowball into a sweep however magearna sometimes use twinkle tackle or gigavolt havok and both benefit from fight z to break defensive steels. Steel isn't that good offensively because it's resisted by steel, fire water and electric. And as coverage type it hits fairy and rock super effectively but the base power difference between a lot of stab attacks and a super effective iron head aren't worth it in a lot of cases. Post eq vs iron head damage from chomp.
     Probably the best defensive type in general. Steel resists common offensive types like fairy rock and dragon. while also being able to deal with the less used grass and steel. Steel is only weak to fighting, fire and ground and most steels have a secondary typing that mitigates one of the previously mentioned weaknesses. Defensive steels include ferrothorn, celesteela, skarmory, mega scizor, AV zone, spdef tran, Av magearna and spdef Rachi. Ferrothorn fills a role getting up hazards on bulky offensive builds because of it's good status and access to both rocks and spikes. Skarm and it's BFF chansey are a staple on stall as they eat up physical and special hits respectively. Steel types are so common that it’s strange to see a team lacking a steel type. Rachi skarm tran and ferro are all solid means to get up hazards and can eat hits for days. These mons have different roles and are team archetype dependent, however these mons all have something in common, being stupidly fat and getting wrecked by volcsrona and zygarde.

Fighting

     More often seen as a coverage option than the type itself. Pretty much every spatker runs the infamous focus miss. Fight z remedies that problem and gives spatkers a one time nuke that'll actually hit. Fight z is also seen on some kartana variants mons that use this type offensively with stab include keldeo, buzzwole and mega medi aka "what's a fighting resist lol". Scarf keld works well in this meta as it outspeed most boosted set up sweepers and it can deal with dumb mons like ash gren. Mega medi just comes out and kills anything that isn't mega sable or a mew. Buzzwole used to see use with sub punch being a good answer for stall but it also shines as a zygarde check eating any hit and threatening zygarde with an ice punch. Fighting is walled by psychic ghosts bugs fairies poison and flying types, which account for the non-steel part of the defensive mons in the meta. Most fighting types are blessed with coverage to get thru their checks with elemental punches being a staple on medi.
     Defensively fighting is not good atm, it resists rock and dark which aren't big threats in the meta while taking neutral or super effective damage from common threats in the meta. If ur feeling heat you could try using a bulkier a nuzzllwolec set. Buzzwole does have a niche as being one of the few mons in the tier that can eat up a thousand arrows from a boosted zygarde.

Rock

     Shout out to stealth rocks being the most centralizing move in the game. Too bad the only offensive rock types in the ou tier have either lost their niche or have unique but somewhat useless dual stab. I'm talking about tyranitar which when equipped with a choice band used to be able to single handily tear thru stall but thanks to toxapex it struggles and nigilego with it’s base 103 speed functions as good scarf chomp check. Nihilego also functions as a good volc check, ohkoing uninvested plus 1 volc so it’s not a waste of a scarf.
252 SpA Nihilego Power Gem vs. +1 0 HP / 4 SpD Volcarona: 336-396 (108 - 127.3%) -- guaranteed OHKO
In all seriousness nihilego is a solid mon atm as it is a special attacking rock poison type with good coverage so if played well it can do well against offense. Additionally, it's amazing spdef makes it a soft check to ash gren which can't revenge kill a scarf nihilego with shuriken. Stone edge does get usage as edgequake is good coverage and offensive rocks lando usually has rocknium z and sd so it can break thru something. Double dance lando also sometimes carries rocknium z but which z move it has is dependent on its team. Terrakion also gets use because of it's powerful and spammable stab options, but is outclassed by lando in sets like double dance, and it fails to deal with common defensive threats like celesteela and toxapex. stone edge/rock slide is a staple on base 100+ scarfers as it is an effective means to deal with a plus 1 offensive volcarona. Mons like keldeo now run stone edge, what a time to be alive. Like scarf protean gren with rock slide is a thing now, that's how good volc is at
     Defensively rock isn't used at all and it isn't too good in the current meta. Rock types fail to wall most of the spammed offensive types in the meta and take super effective damage from common coverage types like fighting and ground. In a meta where dugtrio traps things and monsters like greninja run rampant, it isnt advisible to use a defensive rock type. In the past bulkier t-tar options were common, but as it stands CB tar is a more common set.

Fire

     Despite the abundance of stealth rocks fire is incredibly potent in this gen with monsters like volcarona, A-wak and the charizards threatening to dismantle teams. Charizard-x is still the beast it was in gen 6 after a single DD it threatens a huge amount of the meta. Char-y still maintains a role as a scary wallbreaker that doesnt care about resists and volcarona is a beast that every team has to be prepped for so they dont get bodied by it. A-wak is a potent threat on TR teams and everyone that's used a fini has probably dealt with a bloom doom magma-tran. Since the only relevant fire resists in the tier are fini and toxapex, fire types can deal with their would-be counters via the use of coverage in the form of brute force with secondary stab or thru team support. the biggest issue with offensive fire types is that they require team support in the form of hazard removal as volcarona and char y will take massive damage upon switch in when rocks are on the field. Fire also sees use as a form of coverage, as most spatkers have HP fire as an option to deal with stuff like ferrothorn and scizor. Remember when hp fire mega-gross was a set lol.
     Defensively Fire boast heatran which takes 1/4 damage from fairy attacks and is a good check to opposing fire types thanks to the power of flash fire. Aside from tran fire isnt used defensively in sumo, defensive fires of ORAS such as tank zard x and spdef talon dont see much usage. Bc talon got it's wings clipped and tank zard cant deal with fini, which is it's most common switchin. Even then spdef tran isn’t that common as there are other mons that do a better job in it’s niche, as the only significant threat it checks better than other mons is charizard-Y.

Water

     If nothing this type is consistent, it's never been the best type in the meta, but it's always been good. Water boasts a great diversity of users in the ou tier. Water types also have access to the best move in the game in the form of scald, which is a staple on most fat water types. There's offensive pokemon like greninja, gyarados, keldeo and manaphy. And there's an entire archetype dedicated to water types in the form of rain. On rain we have pokemon like kingdra and kabutops as swift swim sweepers, and things like specs-battle bond greninja having their water attacks boosted to absurd power levels. Specs pelliper is a niche option on rain if you wanna deal damage right out the gate. Offensive water types come tons of variants, there's set up sweepers that break stall, fast cleaners vs offense and general offensive threats. Z-moves have helped water types a lot. waterium-z manaphy has multiple options for when to click it's z-move depending on the match up. z-surf is a better option vs fat builds and z-rain dance lets it outspeed the entire unboosted meta. breakneck blitz gives cm keld the ability to break thru mons that would normally wall it. And z-happy hour protean gren gives a one time boost to all of its stats. z-fly gyra lets it snowball with moxie after breaking thru a wall. mega-gyra also deserves a mention as mold breaker allows it to be one of the few mons that can ohko mimikyu, however in most cases there are better megas and z-fly gyra is a significant threat in it's own right. protean Greninja is still a monster with a total of zero switch-ins because it's set is so team dependent. protean greninja is the best offensive spiker in the tier, as no mon with hazard control wants to come in on it in fear of a super effective attack.
     Defensively water is represented by toxapex,tapu fini and pelipper. Some niche options are rotom-w alomomola and mantine. Bulky waters have always been a staple of the ou tier. tapu fini has a niche as a defogger and as an ash-greninja counter. Tapu fini isnt completely passive either, as it can deal with defensive mons via a combination of taunt and nature's madness while dealing decent damage against offensive mons with moonblast. Because of these reasons a fini lando core is a common site on bulky offensive builds. Toxapex is a monster boasting amazing defensive stats and regenerator, allowing it to be an incredibly annoying mon on fatter builds. Pelipper with defensive investment gets off the slow u-turn into a rain sweeper, bringing in a healthy rain sweeper, and increasing their survivability. Thanks to defog and roost, mantine has a niche on balance builds as it's amazing special bulk paired with a good move pool allow it to be a solid utility mon. Mola is really annoying with it's amazing base HP and decent defense stat. Alomomola is a great wish passer and it can scald stuff to make it even more annoying for physical attackers. Rotom-w is still a decent pivot, but it's usually spdef opposed the the common phys def that was abundant during ORAS.

Final thoughts

     This is pretty much it so far. I’ll try to do a part 2 at some point because there’s still a lot of important types that I need to cover (ground, grass dragon etc.). Shoutouts to the heat squad for making mons fun and DarkFE for helping me out with this thing and generally being a cool guy.
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2014.01.27 19:17 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: Howdy, Unidan here with five much better scientists than me! We are the Crow Research Group, Ask Us Anything!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-01-27
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
I googled Ben Eikensop and this came up: Link to imgur.com. My question is: how can you research crows when it appears that you plan on eating them? To truly get to know an animal, you have to experience it holistically. I eat all my research animals!
Then I must ask, what does crow taste like? I'll let Dr. McGowan handle this one, as he's actually eaten crow.
It always seems to me that if I'm walking to my sweetcorn field, the crows just glance at me and carry on eating until I get quite close. But if I bring my shotgun, or even carry a large stick, there won't be a crow to be seen anywhere. Are they really that smart, or is this just a false correlation? Yes, they are that smart. I have had this experience, too. Looking at a flock with just binoculars got no reaction. But, when I went and got my telescope and tripod, they alarm-called at me.
Edit: Wow! Gold! I'm rich! I'm almost famous! Thank you, unknown Redditor! When that first happened to me I pondered over how many crows had actually been shot at, and it couldn't have been many. But, lots of crows had heard other crows yelling bad things at a person with a long object, and they believed it to be dangerous.
What exactly is their "alarm call" like? Is it just a tone they emit that correlates with an assumed threat or is it different for each bird/flock? Yes and yes! There are calls associated with alarming situations or predators that have specific forms (if you make a sonogram of them) and also are easily recognized by us (by ear). Any crow would understand the meaning. But it is also true that calls have individual characteristics that could allow one crow to recognize that it is made by its sibling versus its mom calling. (Our research group has demonstrated this for several different calls, not just alarms) We have not demonstrated that they use these individual differences, but it is hard not to think that they would and might respond more quickly if a family member gave an alarm call than an unfamiliar bird.
I've looked at crows differently ever since I saw the popular TED talk about them. How accurate is this talk on the extent to crows' intelligence and memory when it comes to people and their ability to complete tasks with tools? We were the research group that the TED speaker in that video worked with. I can tell you a couple things about that talk in particular.
The photos used are mine, and are uncredited.
The photos are not of a functional machine. The box was placed at a composting facility that our research birds frequent and is non-functioning (i.e. the components of the machine are not on or even in the machine, it's just a shell in the photos). We placed cheezits on the box to get birds to land on it simply to see if they could land on the box based on it's current design, as requested by the TED speaker. The photos were not taken by me to fool anyone, but I certainly feel like they were used to that effect :/
Although the talk doesn't explicitly say it, it sure implies that the box had been tested on wild birds, it had not. Only stood on by crows interested in cheezits.
The machine was never successfully used by the wild crows. They were always too afraid to get near it and when the mechanics were on, forget it, they wanted absolutely nothing to do with it. Our wild crows never dealt with it and the box itself certainly never, ever saw our captive zoo crows (as implied in later articles). We ended up parting ways with the TED speaker because we felt that he was jumping the gun on the results, and the multiple media articles with false claims really put us off. That's not how science works. In our realm you need the results before you say something works or generate hype, apparently in the technology realm you build hype before you get any results.
Could it have worked on wild crows? Probably not. The box itself was off-putting to a crow, an animal that is very neophobic (scared of new things). Also, why would a wild crow care? They have so much other, delicious food items readily available all around them to forage for, so there's really no incentive for them to learn or bother with the machine.
ANYHOW, as far as the extent of crow intelligence and memory, they are quite extraordinary. Here's one of many articles on crow intelligence: Link to www.huffingtonpost.com
As far as tool use goes, the New Caledonian crow is all over the internet with their tool using abilities (ex. here's Betty making tool spontaneously and awesomely Link to www.youtube.com) New Caledonian crows are a completely different species than the American crow, fish crow, common raven, carrion crow, hooded crow, etc. and are specialized tool users. We do not see this kind of impressive tool use in any other species of crow. Check these birds out, they are SO FREAKING cool: Link to www.psych.auckland.ac.nz
To go off of that, here's the New York Times correction reflecting our write-in about a lot of the incorrect information put out by the TED talk.
Thank you for actually caring about truth and legitimacy in science. I know there are a lot of good researchers out there, but it's still nice to hear someone embrace honesty in their pursuits. It's of untmost importance to us. Thank you for caring too!
Knowing this, how do you feel about the rest of the TED talks? It has made me question the validity of the entire series, for sure. There's a great article about how TED talks may be doing more harm than good as far as getting "flashy" ideas noticed, and actual science ignored.
I'm so happy I found this thread before it explodes. I have heard that some birds commit suicide in certain traumatic situations. One example I have heard of occurs in birds that mate for life and lose their partner. Is there any truth to this? and if so, is it documented in a certain species of bird? No, birds never do that. If the behavior was controlled by a gene (or complex), which would leave more offspring, a suicide/widow gene, or a get-over-it-and-get-on-with-life gene? All of the mate-for-life birds, including American Crows, stay with a mate for the shorter of the 2 lives, then it's find a new partner and keep keeping on.
Question 1: Would you rather fight 1 Unidan sized crow or 100 crow sized Unidans?* Question 2: Can crows, or other birds for that matter, be trained/utilized as a message or small items carrier such as the carrier pigeon? Crows and ravens (I'm looking at you, Game of Thrones) probably wouldn't be so good for transporting messages. Homing pigeons seem to have a real impetus to return to their home roost while crows and ravens really don't! They'd most likely spend a lot of time pecking the message off of themselves and doing whatever they felt like. You could probably transport a message across a room, though!
I googled Ben Eisenkop too, and this came up: Link to lh3.googleusercontent.com. My question is: Is Unidan secretly a wrestler? I'm Rey Mysterio, Jr. on the weekends.
I've seen a lot of debate around reddit and I have not found an answer, and I hope you don't get offended by me asking, but are you a boy or a girl? Edit: Messed up wording. Double Edit: Obligatory "Wow! My most upvoted comment! Thanks!" Yes, I am.
How much of the movie The Crow was scientifically accurate? Well, people were sad when Brandon Lee got shot, and I'm pretty sad when a real crow gets shot, so I'd say about 96% accurate.
What percentage do you give the whole rise-from-the-dead thing?
Oops, my mistake: 100%.
Bird legs are so skinny. I've been wondering how come birds don't lose their toes and shins due to frostbite in the winter. Do they have a sort of anti-freeze dinoblood? There's very little muscle in bird feet, it's mainly tendons, and the muscles that do operate the legs are actually toward the top and insulated quite a bit.
Why did you all choose to research the social behavior of crows? How applicable do you think your findings will be to ecosystems outside of North America? How has climate change in North America (and globally) affected the social behaviors and patterns of crows? This research, from my point of view, will be applicable to lots of "hot spot" biogeochemistry, which is a new topic in the field. It looks at how nutrients transform and change depending on their volume and time of residence. So, even if it's not crows, the research is pretty applicable on the nutrient angle, so input into lakes, agricultural fields, forests, etc. may benefit from this, actually!
What's up with those huge groups (murders?) of crows (100+ birds) that sometimes form? Are they plotting something? Should we be worried? Crows are partially migratory, and as Kevin like to say, if there's two crows in a city, they'll get together!
They naturally form these big flocks, often for safety or information about food, especially during the winter where lots of migrant crows will join together. In some areas, you'll see crows numbering up to 40,000 or more in a single area!
Here's a photo of one of the large roosts coming in to Auburn, NY last year!
Upstate NY represent! When I was a kid and we moved there, my mom always joked that she was worried at how large the crowd were she thought they may pick us up and fly away. Is it true they are larger or at least change is size depending on their geographic region? Most birds vary in size from place to place, with those in the north larger than those in the south (on average).
But, American Crows don't vary that much. We're talking an inch or two, and the Florida crows actually have larger feet than any of the others. California crows are smallest, weighing only about 350 grams (I can't do ounces, but it's less than a pound). Northern crows often weigh over 500 grams (a pound).
Are birds color-blind? How do you even test birds to find out if they can see colors? No, quite the opposite!
You can test birds neurologically and physiologically to see if they can see colors, actually. You can also design experiments to essentially make them make choices based on those colors, too.
Birds are quite visual, like us, so seeing bright reds among tropical birds is quite important!
Hey guys, thanks for being here! Always exciting to have access to this wealth of knowledge. How do you guys feel about string cheese as a snack food? Do you mean string cheese as a human snack, or for crows? I'm okay with string cheese, to be honest.
Both! Do you guys like it? Do birds like it? Do you mostly appreciate the variety of flavors and styles, it's portability, or the interactive nature? I like string cheese and I've never fed string cheese to a crow, but I'd bet they'd love it. As for their favorite food, peanuts are at the top of the list!
And cheese curls! Birds are less excited about dairy products than we mammals are.
Who won!? We're waiting to hear back on the paternity of the brood, but Anne tells me that the father died that fall, so let's say the son.
Honestly why do some birds fly multiple times against windows? Can't they remember the reflection of windows? Or are they brain-damaged afterwards? Birds can fly in to windows for a couple of reasons. First of all, birds might fly in to a window because it cannot see the window and does not realize that the window is in flight path. The bird may fly in to a window multiple times in a row, particularly if it thinks another bird is on its territory. The bird attacks the "intruder" and the "intruder" puts up a pretty good fight!
Why are crows attracted to shiny things? Are their nests usually found near abundant sources of said shiny things? In short, they aren't! See Jenn's blog post on the subject: Link to coyot.es
Why are scarecrows effective for, well, scaring crows? They may be initially effective, as they do resemble a person, but crows will quickly learn that it's a ruse if it's not moved.
Until recently I have never seen a flock of crows. How common is it for crows to form a large group? EDIT: TIL a group of crows will murder stuff. EDIT2: TIL a group of crows will bring you a bouquet of flowers made from bacon. It might help to know where you live and what crow species you are watching. American crows often live in family groups, but while the family shares a territory, they may not often fly in a tight flock (of 2-12 in that case). It is in winter that one sees the largest flocks. Crows in the northern parts of the US move off their territories and join up in foraging flocks of varying sizes. The largest flocks are seen when multiple foraging flocks join up at night to roost together. If you don't see flocks, you may be living in a more rural area where family sizes are smaller and where no winter fields are attracting foraging flocks.
Heh. Just bring a predatory bird like a hawk or owl into their territory,and you will see the flock form in an amazingly short time. Crows are gangsters. Gangsters you may call them, but hawks and owls eat crows! I find it particularly sad when I find a female crow at the bottom of her nest tree, victim of the owl that also ate her whole group of babies.
Can you comment on language use? What evidence (if any) have you seen for complex communication between crows? Discussing language in animals is a somewhat controversial and very complex topic! There isn't a firm understanding on what the definition and requirements of animal language are (does language require sentence structure or can language just include calls that indicate a certain food, action or individual?). Additionally, to complicate things, some animals have learned to communicate with humans using human (not animal) language. Koko the gorilla and Alex the parrot come to mind, as examples.
As for crows, a lot is still unknown about their vocalizations. Very few people have studied them. Crows do have a large repertoire of complex calls. We already know that crows give calls associated with certain contexts; they have alarm calls, calls associated with breeding, and possibly food calls. I'm currently working on calls associated with food and breeding and finding out that their calls are sometimes too complex for me to figure out!
They give calls, as opposed to songs. Calls are relatively short vocalizations (caws, squawks, chatters, etc), whereas songs are longer melodious vocalizations that are usually associated with courtship. Calls probably have the most potential to form a language (rather than songs). For an amazing example of call use in animals- see prairie dogs! Link to www.animalplanet.com
Any evidence of name use? E.g., is there any evidence of specialized calls for specific birds? We are not sure about name use in crows. There is still a lot left to study! However, we do know crows have individually distinct alarm and food/nest-associated vocalizations.
As researchers, I'm pretty sure that you have some great stories about working with such intelligent birds. I was trying to get crows to feed from a puzzle box and they were scared of it. One snowy day I loaded it up with peanuts and was sure they'd come down to the delicious food. A bunch of squirrels were interested and started eating from the puzzle box. I hoped that the crows would infer from the squirrels that the puzzle box was not, in fact, a terrifying deadly crow trap. Instead, what they did was wait for the squirrels to take the peanuts away, cache (hide them) in the snow, and go back to the box. The crows then RAIDED THE SQUIRREL CACHES and got all the peanuts they wanted without ever going near my puzzle box : I was simultaneously impressed and pissed off, haha.
So did the Crows have an epic battle with the Squirrels? Not at the time, but I have seen them fight and chase each other.
Do they hate all eye contact or is it just when you walk towards them? What else do they hate? Firm handshakes? They don't like you looking at them, period. A jogger, minding their own business could run by a crow at a four-foot distance and the crow won't flinch, but turn and look at the crow and they are out of there. Looking at them is a very aggressive, predatory thing to do.
I've never had one offer me it's hand for a shake, so I couldn't tell you.
Hello! A park near my house hosts a lot of aggressive crows, and they occasionally attack people who walk through the park. Is there a way to fend to fend them off without being marked as a future target? It's relatively likely that those crows may be using the park as a nesting site, are there large trees in the park? Next time you get mobbed, see if you can spot a nest!
Unfortunately, crows might be pretty gung-ho about protecting their babies, wouldn't you?
I was looking through your posts once but didn't want to do the work. How much gold do you actually have now? Well over a decade or so now? It's getting scary!
Hi! What's your favorite part about working with crows? I enjoy seeing that there's an entire little melodrama being acted out all the time, personally. Hearing some of the drama that goes on between crows is pretty interesting for me, to think that while I'm indoors and cosy, crows are out there all the time, living their lives, too!
I've heard a lot about the tendency of crows to "play games", so to speak. Have you noticed much of this behavior in your research and, if so, what's the most complex activity you've seen crows participate in? Young crows and jays play all the time. The adults, not so much. Young corvids mostly tear apart items, chase each other to get an item (like a feather) back and forth, and hide everything. Most adults are too interested in daily life to be much fun. It's usually a young crow or a yearling that do things like hang upside down and flap their wings.
Does it ever seem like the adult crows get annoyed with the younglings and retaliate or attempt to stop them? Adult crows definitely get annoyed with young crows, but not with their playing. It's the begging that gets old. Fledgling crows will literally knock down adults to get at food. And then they follow the adults around and beg to their faces all the time the adults are foraging. Very annoying.
Hey mum! Mum! Mum! Mum! Mom! Mummy! Mom! Mom! Mom! Mum! Mama! Mommy! Mama! Mama! Mama! Ma! Ma! Mom! Link to i.imgur.com
What does this research involve? Is crow social behavior not well understood? What are you looking for in particular? Crow social behavior is indeed poorly understood, in part because crows are so long-lived (19+ years are our oldest documented birds) and because they are so socially complex. Think human social complexity and what it takes to "understand human social behavior". Individuals live in families on territories, but they leave these territories often (daily and sometimes for long periods) to find food or sleep in groups. Thus they meet and interact with large numbers of birds over their lifetimes, but clearly remember their family members.
It doesn't help that one cannot tell them apart without bands and that they are smart enough that it is VERY hard to capture the crow you want in order to band it.
And often common animals are the last ones that people think to study. They aren't exotic enough!
We are studying many aspects of crow social behavior, including how "personality" influences their survival and success in establishing their own families, how older siblings and other family members cooperate to raise the young of the breeding pair, how they react when West Nile Virus has killed family and neighbors (a sad but necessary part of our studies). And finally we are especially interested in how social behavior changes with their living in urban rather than rural areas.
Thanks for the thorough answer. I'm interested in your methodology. So you guys are banding crows and then determining a "personality type"? How is that done? Are you banding entire families to understand their social dynamics? We band babies in every nest of every family that we follow. So we build up a large number of banded birds in many families. Our crow families know us and learn that we toss peanuts occasionally, so they don't flee if we arrive. So we test their responses to novel objects, foods, puzzle boxes by setting up a test scenario on the side of the road. We encourage their participation with peanuts! We cannot control exactly which crows are present in a given trial, but by repeating our tests, we manage to see how many individuals respond. The kinds of responses by each individual across different tests allow us characterize individual personalities, at least in a limited way.
The sad part of banding is that we also find our crows dead, and think about their whole lives that we have been following. Having our birds die from West Nile Virus has not been fun. Our revenge is that we are actively studying the disease and its effects.
Do crows develop friendships with each other? If so, could they also develop a bond with a human? This is a great question! Crows do form long-term social bonds with their family group members. Their family groups are usually comprised of a male and female breeding pair and their offspring. However, we have witnessed aunts, uncles, cousins, and unrelated neighbors and unknown crows join these family groups. They help feed the young, defend the territory and feed and roost together. I would say that these relationships could qualify as a friendship! Friendships in the animal world are usually defined as two or more non-relatives that spend a lot of time together (and their behaviors toward each other is affiliative).
Oh! Forgot the second question! Crows can and have developed bonds with humans.
Why are there so many crows here in Ithaca? Hi! There actually aren't an extraordinary amount of crows in Ithaca. The Ithaca crow population has actually recently experienced two fairly significant West Nile Virus episodes over the past two summers, so the crow population has actually decreased recently. However, in the winter, you may see large flocks of crows that come in to town to roost. Crows are partially migratory and get together to feed during the day and roost at night.
Would it in theory be possible to put together a species specific bird to English dictionary? As a lover of small pet birds i listen to them talk all day and sometimes phrases seem to repeat themselves. But are they uniform enough to really translate or are they dependent on individual birds or environmental variables? A lot is still unknown about bird vocalizations, especially crow vocalizations. Crows give calls, as opposed to songs. Calls are relatively short caws, squawks, chatters, etc, whereas songs are longer melodious vocalizations that are usually associated with courtship. We already know that crows give calls associated with certain contexts; they have alarm calls, calls associated with breeding, and possibly food calls. With extensive research, one could eventually create a rudimentary dictionary of sorts for particular calls...but to make things more difficult, we also know that calls vary due to social and environmental context and some calls are individually distinct for each crow.
Would you recommend studying Zoology at university? Yes, I would, haha!
How prevalent are different personalities when it comes to crows? I would like to wait until another of our group arrives, but a quick answer first. She has been testing two aspects of personality that may be important to crows who move into urban areas: boldness and curiosity. And individual crows are wildly different, even between siblings. All combinations occur, e.g., very bold but not very curious (they come near new objects but don't pay much attention to them) and curious but not very bold (they watch new objects for a long time, but won't come near, even after 10 presentations of the object). We think that personality plays a big role in which animals can adapt to living close to humans.
My conure seems to be proficient at using tools, communication, has distinct emotional moments, how do parrots stand up on intelligence compared to corvidae? Thanks for the bird brained AMA! It would be hard to make a generalization about one being more or less intelligent. Corvids and parrots, as groups, are clearly among the most social and most manipulative of birds. And social intelligence is a concept that applies to non-humans as well as humans. Both parrot and crow species are going to have special areas of intelligence, but both are highly social and long lived, which seems to lead to sophisticated learning abilities, social memory and social tactics. Both complex emotions and communication are hallmarks of such animals.
Three years ago, I slowly walked up to a pair of young-adult-looking crows who were picking my cherry tomatoes and throwing them around, and at each other. In a reasonable yet ominous voice I said 'You can eat the grubs in the garden, but tomatoes are my food. Please leave the tomatoes on the vines' and similar, as I walked toward them. They sidestepped out of the garden, and I kept walking and talking, until they made it halfway across the yard, then flapped up onto the compost bin fencing. Once they settled on the compost bin, I changed my tone and said 'That's good. You eat that stuff. Go ahead. Good job' and similar. I swear that those two crows came back, brought their young the next year, and taught them to eat from the compost, the plants around it (including mountain ash berries and wild grapes), and to leave the garden tomatoes undisturbed. I put lots of delicious stuff in the compost for the crows. I've seen all of the crows in the garden, eating the grubs (which are big and juicy up here in central Ontario), but none have touched the tomatoes. I took a sabbatical this past year, so I was in or near the garden every day, and the pattern continues. I have never used any netting to protect my garden; I grow apples, blackcurrants, blueberries, blackberries, tomatoes, and the crows respect the boundaries. Are the crows teaching successive generations to recognize my face and respect my crops? Well, as a friendly person who puts out crow-food in the compost, your face might well be learned by successive generations. As for their respect of your garden, it may be more that there are high-protein, high-fat grubs and high nutrient wild berries about as alternatives. The behavior of the parents may well influence the food choices of their offspring, though. You have a very nice symbiotic relationship with your crows!
What. On. Earth? It is certainly possible that parent crows that found your Dad's yard to be comfortable in one winter came back with their offspring the next winter. We also find that a roost site (like the backyard) will be used for a few years and then, suddenly one winter, no crows show up.
Thanks for this AMA! I just have one question- is it an innate or learned behavior when birds wait until I've washed my car to poop on it? Probably not either (and certainly not innate since crows didn't evolve with cars!) First ask yourself if they really do it at all:) You must certainly notice it more when you have washed it, so perhaps the pattern really doesn't exist. If it does, there is also the possibility that a clean car is shiny, reflective and they come closer to investigate reflections, then poop as they fly off. You have just raised a nice little set of research questions, however humorously you meant it!
How is climate change in the next 100 years or so going to affect American crows in terms of their range and survivability? What kind of ecological effect do crows actually exert? I'm Australian and I'm not sure if there is a lot of difference between our crows and yours, what are some of the more basic/cooler differences? Well, for possible ecological effects, you should check out our research project at Link to www.microryza.com That is all about one somewhat messy ecological effect. But crows are scavengers and also eat lots of insects as adults or larvae. Way back in the early 1900's, Kalmbach showed that crows foraging in fields reduced insect pest levels. (I watched crows going after corn in a field last year and realized that they were after the grubs eating the ears, and only incidentally eating kernels.)
There are lots of differences between your crows and ours, but the similarities are more obvious. There are differences between our several species of "crows" (American crows, Fish crows, Common Ravens) in voice, social structure, etc. But they share curiosity, some degree of cooperation, etc.
Do insights about chimps and dolphins have an impact on work with crows? Are the forms or intelligence and social behaviour we see in animals common over a large range of animals? Yes, insights from other species do have an impact. Cognitive scientists are usually seeking answers to general questions about how intelligence evolves, such as "does large group size select for social intelligence such as the ability to recognize the bonds between others?" So when some experiment demonstrates a cognitive ability in one animal, people studying other social or apparently smart animals often try to modify it to test for the same ability. Another example is numerical ability (counting or comparing quantity) which has been studied across a range of animals.
While intelligence can be compared across species to some extent, it is also true that it can be specialized---one animal might be able to understand spatial problems that another cannot because the spatial task is similar to something it has evolved to solve. Understanding cognitive specialization or "fine tuning" is a fascinating and huge project!
Are there any other types of birds out there that exhibit social behavior at a similar level as crows? Different crows have different social structures. The American crows are cooperative breeders, which means they have a family structure similar to western humans (mom and dad, plus different ages of kids that help raise the younger kids). There are many species of birds and mammals that are cooperative breeders: Link to en.wikipedia.org
I've heard that pet crows will give their owners names. Do they also give each other names? Not that we know of, yet.
If you're really bird scientists, then tell me why my roosters will only crap in my car port? Have you tried crapping in there? Maybe it's worth it.
How accurate are the 'True Facts About ...' videos? They're actually pretty accurate! Dr. Clark and I showed the duck one to our animal behavior class.
Do crows fart? Yup, if it is swallowing air at all or has intestinal microbial activity, it'll fart! :D.
Do Crows masturbate? I have a parakeet who humps a bell like its his fucking job! Jenn has reportedly seen it happen!
What is it like to know the Great Unidan personally? All hail Unidan!! He's been nothing but a jerk to me, honestly.
Last updated: 2014-01-31 19:55 UTC
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